See Exodus 32:27-29 (Sifri; Rashi; Ibn Ezra). Or, abandoning family to serve God (Ibn Ezra), possibly relating to those outside the proper age of Levitical service (see Targum Yonathan; see Numbers 4:47). Or, if relating to the High Priest, not to defile himself for a dead relative (Leviticus 21:11; Chizzkuni; Paaneach Razah).
|safeguarded Your covenant|
By not worshiping the Golden Calf (Exodus 32:26; Abarbanel), or by not worshiping idols in Egypt (Midrash HaGadol); by keeping circumcision in Egypt (Yad, Issurey Biyah 13:2; Bachya), and in the desert (Rashi; cf. Sifri). Or, covenant of the priesthood (Chizzkuni; cf. Numbers 25:13), or the covenant of the Torah in general (Ralbag).