||Is this the way you repay God, you ungrateful, unwise nation? Is He not your Father, your Master, the One who made and established you?
Ha le'Adonay tigmelu-zot am naval velo chacham halo-hu avicha kanecha hu ascha vayechonenecha.
Remember days long gone by. Ponder the years of each generation. Ask your father and let him tell you, and your grandfather, who will explain it.
Zechor yemot olam binu shnot dor-vador she'al avicha veyagedcha zekeneycha veyomru lach.
(Rashi; Ramban on Deuteronomy 32:15; Abarbanel). Nabhal in Hebrew. Or, 'foolish' (Targum Yonathan; Septuagint); 'degraded' (Radak, Sherashim); or, 'non-believing' (Abarbanel).
Koneh in Hebrew; (see Genesis 14:19). 'The One who made us His' (Abarbanel). Or, 'the one who rectified us' (Chizzkuni).
By teaching you the Torah (Ralbag; Abarbanel; cf. Genesis 12:5).
With a land (Abarbanel).