||But their vine is from the vine of Sodom and the shoot of Gomorrah. Their grapes are poison grapes; their grape cluster is bitterness to them.
Ki-migefen Sdom gafnam umishadmot Amorah anavemo invey-rosh ashkelot merorot lamo.
||Their vine is serpents' venom, like the poison of the dreadful cobra.
Chamat taninim yeynam verosh petanim achzar.
The gentiles' or Israel's (see note on Deuteronomy 32:28). Or, 'Is [Israel's] ... then ...?' (Chizzkuni).
Or, 'vine branch' (Saadia; Radak, Sherashim; Ibn Janach; Septuagint). Shedemah in Hebrew; see Isaiah 16:8, Habakkuk 3:16. Or, 'field' (Rashi; cf. Radak, Sherashim). Or, 'stream' (cf. Targum on 2 Kings 23:4, Jeremiah 31:40).
Rosh in Hebrew; see note on Deuteronomy 29:17. Or, 'gall' (Septuagint), or, 'bitter herb' (Rashi).
Chamath. See Deuteronomy 32:23.
Rosh. See Deuteronomy 32:32.
(cf. Ibn Ezra). Akhzar in Hebrew. Or, 'sadistic' (Rashi); or, 'rage' (Septuagint).
Pethen in Hebrew; cf. Isaiah 11:8, Psalms 48:8, a venomous snake (Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim), possibly an asp (Septuagint) or cobra. Pethen may be cognate to the Greek Python, a huge mythical snake.