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Ha'azinu

  
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 32:23
 32:24
32:24 [They will be] bloated by famine, consumed by fever, cut down by bitter plague. I will send against them fanged beasts, with venomous creatures who crawl in the dust.
Mezey ra'av ulechumey reshef veketev meriri veshen-behemot ashalach-bam im-chamat zochaley afar.



Commentary:

They will be
  Or, 'I will send against them, bloating famine ...'

bloated
  (Targum). Mezey in Hebrew. Or, 'burned,' or 'consumed' (Saadia; Ibn Ezra; Radak, Sherashim; Septuagint); 'melted away' (Ralbag; cf. Chullin 45b); 'feverish from' (Abarbanel); or, 'cast about' (Lekach Tov).

consumed
  Or, 'eaten' (Targum; Ibn Janach; Chizzkuni). Lechum in Hebrew, possibly from lechem, bread; lacham to battle; or chum, heat. Or, 'attacked' (Rashi), 'fever' (Saadia), or, 'flesh' (Ralbag).

fever
  (Saadia; Radak, Sherashim; Ralbag). Reshef in Hebrew. See Habbakuk 3:5, Job 5:7. Also see Psalms 76:4, 78:48, Song of Songs 8:6. Or, 'birds' (Targum; Ibn Ezra; Lekach Tov; Septuagint); 'demons' (Berakhoth 5a; Rashi); 'suffering' (Berakhoth 5a); 'burning fire' (Ibn Ezra; Chizzkuni); 'hot coals,' 'firebolts,' or, 'meteorites?' (Baaley Tosafoth; Rashbam); 'arrows' (Chizzkuni).

Hence, 'consumed by fever,' 'with burning flesh,' 'eaten by birds' 'stricken by firebolts,' 'attacked by demons.'

cut down
  (Rashi; Baaley Tosafoth;Ralbag).Ketev in Hebrew; see Isaiah 28:2, Hosea 13:14, Psalms 91:6. Or, 'plague,' al-chalaf in Arabic (Saadia; Ibn Janach; Ibn Ezra; Bachya; Radak, Sherashim); 'destruction' (Septuagint); 'crushed' (Targum).

bitter plague
  (Saadia), or 'bad air,' possibly 'malaria' (Ibn Ezra; Ralbag). Meriri in Hebrew. Or, 'unquenchable destruction' (Septuagint); 'robbers' (Rashbam); 'evil spirits,' or, 'bad vapors' (Targum); 'demons' (Sifri; Rashi); or, 'madness' (Tzafenath Paaneach; cf. Sifri on Deuteronomy 21:18).

venomous
  See Deuteronomy 32:33. Literally, 'anger of,' chamath in Hebrew. Or, 'bites of' (Ibn Ezra).

crawl
  (Rashi; Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim). Zachal in Hebrew. Or, 'who are terrifying' (Ibn Ezra; cf. Job 32:6).





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