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Devarim

  
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 3:14
 3:15
3:14 Yair, a descendant of Manasseh, took the Argov group as far as the borders of the Geshurites and Maakhathites, and he gave that area in the Bashan the name Chavvath Yair, [a name] which is still used today.
Ya'ir ben-Menasheh lakach et-kol-chevel Argov ad-gvul haGeshuri vehaMa'achati vayikra otam al-shmo et-haBashan chavot ya'ir ad hayom hazeh.
3:15 Seventh Reading
To Makhir I gave the Gilead region.
Ule-Machir natati et-haGil'ad.



Commentary:

Yair
  See Numbers 32:41.

Geshurites
  An Aramaic nation (cf. 2 Samuel 15:8), possibly identified with Gether son of Aram (Genesis 10:23). Others identify them with the Girgashites (Septuagint; cf. Genesis 10:6, 15:21, Joshua 3:10). They later lived with the Israelites (Joshua 13:13), inhabiting the city of Geshur (Joshua 12:5, 13:11, 2 Samuel 3:3). This is the area between Gilead and Hermon, particularly that to the east and northeast of the Kinnereth. Some identify it with the present Jaulan, or Jisre in Ledjah, to the east of Jaulan. Ancient sources identify it with Kirvah (Targum Yonathan; cf. Shabbath 45b).

Maakhathites
  Maakhah was a son of Nachor (Genesis 22:24), and the city Maakhah was near Aram Tzovah (2 Samuel 10:9), usually identified with Aleppo, Syria. Also see 2 Samuel 20:14, 1 Kings 15:20. See note on Genesis 22:24.

Makhir
  Numbers 32:40.





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