||A trial shall be an adversary proceeding where a verdict is handed down, acquitting the innocent and convicting the guilty.
Ki-yiheyeh riv beyn anashim venigshu el-hamishpat ushfatum vehitsdiku et-hatsadik vehirshi'u et-harasha.
||If the guilty man has incurred the penalty of flogging, the judge shall make him lean over, and have him flogged with a fixed number of lashes for his crime.
Vehayah im-bin hakot harasha vehipilo hashofet vehikahu lefanav kedey rish'ato bemispar.
|A trial shall be...|
The adversary proceeding is between the accused and the witnesses (Midrash HaGadol). Literally, 'When there is a dispute between men and they go to judgment.' Others say that the dispute is between the accused and the witnesses who must first warn him and try to dissuade him from committing the crime (HaKethav VeHaKabbalah).
|make him lean over|
(Makkoth 22b; Rashi; Septuagint). Literally, 'make him fall,' or 'make him lie down.' Or, 'throw him down' (Targum).