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Devarim

  
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 2:18  2:19
 2:20
2:18 'You are now about to pass through Ar, which is Moabite territory.
Atah over hayom et-gvul Moav et-Ar.
2:19 You will be coming close to the Ammonites, but do not attack or provoke them. I will not let you occupy the land of the Ammonites, since I have given it as a heritage to the descendants of Lot.
Vekaravta mul bney Amon al-tetsurem ve'al-titgar bam ki lo-eten me'erets bney-Amon lecha yerushah ki livney-Lot netatiha yerushah.
2:20 'This might also be considered the territory of the Rephaim, since the Rephaim lived there originally. The Ammonites refer to them as Zamzumim.
Erets-Refa'im techashev af-hi Refa'im yashvu-vah lefanim veha'Amonim yikre'u lahem Zamzumim.



Commentary:

Ammonites
  See Numbers 21:24.

descendants of Lot
  See Genesis 19:38.

Rephaim
  Who lived in Ashteroth-Karnayim (Genesis 14:5), and whose land was promised to Abraham (Genesis 15:20; Rashi; Midrash Aggadah).

Zamzumim
  Some say that these are the Zuzim in Genesis 14:5 (Rashi ibid.). Others translated Zamzumim as 'plotters' (Targum; Chizzkuni; Tur), or, 'strong nations' (Septuagint). In Arabic, zamzam means to speak gibberish, so that zamzumim may be the equivalent of the Greek-based 'barbarian,' which means 'gibberish speaker.'





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