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Deuteronomy Shoftim
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17:12 If there is any man who rebels and refuses to listen to the priest or other judge who is in charge of serving God your Lord there [as leader of the supreme court], then that man must be put to death, thus ridding yourselves of evil in Israel.
Veha'ish asher-ya'aseh vezadon levilti shmoa el-hakohen ha'omed lesharet sham et-Adonay Eloheycha o el-hashofet umet ha'ish hahu uvi'arta hara miYisra'el.
17:13 When all the people hear about it, they will fear and will not rebel again.
Vechol-ha'am yishme'u veyira'u velo yezidun od.


any man
  Actually, only a man who is duly ordained and fit to sit on the supreme court, and is thus normally able to reach a decision as in Deuteronomy 17:8 (Sanhedrin 87a). Such a person is known as a 'rebellious elder' (zaken mamre).

  Zyd in Hebrew. Or, 'acts wickedly' (Targum), 'acts purposely' (Targum Yonathan); or, 'acts in haughtiness' (Septuagint).

as leader...
  (cf. Hirsch; Sifri).

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