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Matot

  
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 30:2
 30:3
 30:4
30:2 First Reading First Reading
Moses spoke to the tribal heads of the Israelites, telling them that this is the word that God had commanded:
Vayedaber Moshe el-rashey hamatot livney Yisra'el lemor zeh hadavar asher tsivah Adonay.
30:3 If a man makes a vow to God, or makes an oath to obligate himself, he must not break his word. He must do all that he expressed verbally.
Ish ki-yidor neder l'Adonay o-hishava shvu'ah lesor isar al-nafsho lo yachel dvaro kechol-hayotse mipiv ya'aseh.
30:4 [This is the law] when a woman makes a vow to God or binds herself by an obligation while still a girl in her father's house.
Ve'ishah ki-tidor neder l'Adonay ve'asrah isar beveyt aviha bin'ureyha.



Commentary:

Moses spoke
  Some say that this was given after the war with Midian (Numbers 31) (Ibn Ezra; Chizzkuni).

obligate himself
  (Yerushalmi, Nedarim 9:1; Septuagint). Assar in Hebrew. Or, 'forbid' (Sifri).

he must not...
  This is a commandment (Sefer HaMitzvoth, Negative Commandment 157).

girl
  From age 11 until 12-1/2 (Yad, Nedarim 11:7). Before that age, her vows are not binding, and later, her father can no longer annul them.





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