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Balak

  
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 24:2
 24:3
 24:4
24:2 When Balaam raised his eyes, and saw Israel dwelling at peace by tribes, God's spirit was on him.
Vayisa Vil'am et-eynav vayar et-Yisra'el shochen lishvatav vatehi alav ruach Elohim.
24:3 He proclaimed his oracle and said, 'This is the word of Beor's son Balaam, the word of the man with the enlightened eye.
Vayisa meshalo vayomar neum Bil'am bno Ve'or uneum hagever shtum ha'ayin.
24:4 It is the word of one who hears God's sayings, who sees a vision of the Almighty, falling [into a meditative trance] with mystical insight.
Neum shomea imrey-El asher machazeh shaday yechezeh nofel ugluy eynayim.



Commentary:

enlightened
  (Ramban; Midrash Aggadah). Shethum in Hebrew. Or, 'future seeing eye' (Lekach Tov), 'seeing eye' (Targum; Saadia); 'open eye' (Rashbam; Radak, Sherashim; Rashi); 'true-sighted eye' (Septuagint); 'sleepless' (Ibn Janach), 'evil eye' (Zohar 1:68b); 'dislocated' (Rashi); 'blinded' (Sanhedrin 105a; Niddah 31a).

Almighty
  Shaddai in Hebrew. See Genesis 17:1; Exodus 6:3.

falling into a meditative trance
  (Targum; Rashi; Ibn Ezra); involving meditation (Ralbag; cf. Abarbanel). Some say that this involved sexual practices (Sanhedrin 105a; see note on Numbers 22:21). Some sources maintain that Balaam would actually fall to the ground during prophecy (Lekach Tov; Josephus, Antiquities 4:6:5); cf. 1 Samuel 19:24, Ezekiel 1:28, Daniel 8:18. Some say that he fell because he was uncircumcised (Midrash Aggadah; cf. Genesis 17:3). Or, 'the one who sees a vision of God in a trance and has open eyes' (Septuagint).

mystical insight
  Literally, 'uncovered eyes.'





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