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Balak

  
Forward
 22:2
 22:3
22:2 First Reading
When Balak son of Tzippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites,
Vayar Balak ben-Tsipor et kol-asher-asah Yisra'el la-Emori.
22:3 the Moabites became deathly afraid because the [Israelite] people were so numerous. Dreading the Israelites,
Vayagor Moav mipeney ha'am me'od ki rav-hu vayakots Moav mipeney beney Yisra'el.



Commentary:

Balak
  See Joshua 24:9, Judges 11:25, Micah 6:5. Balak was a descendant of Lot (BeMidbar Rabbah 20:19). According to tradition, he was the ancestor of Ruth (Sotah 47a; Nazir 23b). See notes on Numbers 22:4,5.

Tzippor
  Hebrew for bird. It is similar to Tzipporah, the name of Moses' Midianite wife (Exodus 2:21). Some say that he was called Tzippor because he practiced bird divination (Zohar 3:184b).

Amorites
  Sichon, see Numbers 21:21 ff.

deathly afraid
  (HaKethav VeHaKabbalah; Rashi; Ibn Ezra; cf. I Samuel 18:15, Psalms 22:24). Or, 'huddled [in their cities]' (Paneach Raza; cf. Psalms 59:4, 149:3).

Dreading
  Or, 'distressed at' (Ibn Ezra; Radak, Sherashim). See Exodus 1:12. Or, 'grieved at' (Ibn Janach; Septuagint), or 'disgusted with life' (Rashi: Rashbam).





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