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Chukat

  
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 21:31  21:32
 21:33
21:33 [The Israelites] then went on and headed north toward the Bashan. At Edrei, Og king of the Bashan came out with all his people to engage [the Israelites] in battle.
Vayifnu vaya'alu derech haBashan vayetse Og melech-haBashan likratam hu vechol-amo lamilchamah Edre'i.



Commentary:

The Israelites
  (Sefer HaYashar). Some say that only the fighting men went to Bashan, while the rest of the camp remained in Aravoth Moab (Chizzkuni on Numbers 22:1).

went on
  (Ibn Ezra here and on Exodus 10:6). Literally, 'turned around.' It might mean, however, that the expeditionary force turned back from Ya'azer and headed toward Og's kingdom.

Bashan
  This is the area to the east of the Sea of Kinnereth. Josephus identifies it with Gilead and Golan (Antiquities 4:5:3), the present Golan Heights.

Edrei
  The capital of Og, some 32 miles southeast of the Kinnereth Sea. Cf. Deuteronomy 3:1,10. It was some 14 miles southeast of Ashteroth, and was later given to Manasseh (Joshua 13;31). This was the land of the Raphaim who had been decimated by Chedorlaomer and his allies (Genesis 14:5). See next note.

Og
  A giant, who is described as among the survivors of the Raphaim, a race of giants (Joshua 12:4, 13:12). He is described as having a bed that was over 13 feet long (Deuteronomy 3:11). According to tradition, he was over 800 years old, and survived the flood in the time of Noah. He was either a brother of Sichon (see Numbers 21:21), or his close friend (Josephus, Antiquities 4:5:3). Other sources, however, indicate that Og was just over 500 years old (BeMidbar Rabbah 19:32).





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