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Chukat

  
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 20:20
 20:21
 20:22
20:21 Edom thus refused to allow Israel to pass through its territories, and Israel had to go around [the area].
Vayema'en Edom neton et-Yisra'el avor bigvulo vayet Yisra'el me'alav.
20:22 Fifth Reading Third Reading
Moving on from Kadesh, the entire Israelite community came to Hor Mountain.
Vayis'u miKadesh vayavo'u veney-Yisra'el kol-ha'edah Hor hahar.



Commentary:

had to go around the area
  Since God had told the Israelites not to fight with Edom (Deuteronomy 2:5; BeMidbar Rabbah).

Hor Mountain
  Some identify this with Jebel Nebi Harun, 50 miles south of the Dead Sea, and just south of Petra in an area known as Acre (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 4:5:7). It is thus described as being on the border of Edom (Numbers 21:4, 33:37). Others identify it with Jebel Madurah, north-west of the Dead Sea, or Jebel Akkar (cf. Josephus). Hor HaHar can also be translated 'mountain of the mountain,' and some say that it was a mountain with a protrusion (like a second mountain) on top of it (BeMidbar Rabbah 19:16; Rashi). Some sources translate it as Mt. Umanos (Targum Yonathan), which may be identified with Amanah, a mountain to the north of the Holy Land (cf. Song of Songs 4:8; Shevi'ith 6:1). See Deuteronomy 10:6.





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