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Acharey Mot

  
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 16:16
16:16 With this, he will make atonement for the Israelites' defilement, as well as for their rebellious acts and all their inadvertent misdeeds.

He shall then perform [exactly] the same [ritual] in the Communion Tent, which remains with the [Israelites] even when they are unclean.
Vechiper al-hakodesh mitum'ot beney Yisra'el umipish'eyhem lechol-chatotam vechen ya'aseh le'Ohel Mo'ed hashochen itam betoch tum'otam.




Commentary:

defilement
  That is, entering the sanctuary or eating sacrifice while unclean (Rashi; see Leviticus 15:31).

He shall then perform...
  (Yoma 56a). Thus he must sprinkle both the blood of the bull and that of the goat (separately) toward the cloth partition, once upward and seven times downward (Yoma 53b; Yad, Avodath Yom HaKippurim 3:5).

which remains...
  Indicating that there is atonement even when the Israelites are defiled (Midrash HaGadol). This may also indicate that there would be atonement even in the Second Temple, where there was no ark or ark cover.





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