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Tazria

  
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 13:29
 13:30
13:30 The priest shall examine the affliction, and if it appears to have penetrated the skin and has fine blond hairs in it, the priest shall declare it unclean. Such a bald mark is a sign of the leprous curse on the head or beard.
Vera'ah hakohen et-hanega vehineh mar'ehu amok min-ha'or uvo se'ar tsahov dak vetime oto hakohen netek hu tsara'at harosh o hazakan hu.



Commentary:

fine
  Short, fine hairs (Yad, Tumath Tzaraath 8:4).

blond
  Or 'gold' (Ibid).

bald mark
  Nethek in Hebrew. This is a spot from which the hair has fallen out, and according to many, no skin discoloration is required (Yad, Tumath Tzaraath 8:1; Raavad on Sifra 7:7; Ramban; Rash, Negaim 3:5; Sforno; cf. Ibn Ezra). According to others, however, there must be some skin discoloration as well (Raavad on Tumath Tzaraath 8:1 from Tosefta, Negaim 1:2). Some require the discoloration to be white (Ralbag), while others say that a nethek is a reddish black mark (Saadia), or a blackish mole (Radak, Sherashim; Ibn Janach). The Septuagint translates nethek as thrausma, which may denote an area of broken-off hair. Other sources indicate that it is somewhat like a herpes infection (Pirkey Moshe 23). It must be obvious that the loss is due to a local cause, rather than simple male pattern baldness as below 13:40,41 (Rash on Negaim 10:9; Kesef Mishneh,Tumath Tzaraath 8:8).

The nethek is a special case, since ordinary white spots do not constitute leprous marks on the head or beard (Sifra; Yad, Tumath Tzaraath 6:1; Rash, Ramban, on Negaim 6:8).





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