Contents Calendar Find Reference
Torah 
Navigating the Bible
Leviticus Shemini
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
  VaYikra
  Tsav
  Shemini
  Tazria
  Metsora
  Acharey Mot
  Kedoshim
  Emor
  BeHar
  BeChukotay
Numbers
Deuteronomy
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading, Last Reading

Shemini

  
BackForward
 11:4
 11:5
11:4 However, among the cud-chewing, hoofed animals, these are the ones that you may not eat:

The camel shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
Ach et-zeh lo tochlu mima'aley hagerah umimafrisey haparsah et-hagamal ki-ma'aleh gera hu ufarsah eynenu mafris tame hu lachem.

11:5 The hyrax shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
Ve'et-hashafan ki-ma'aleh gerah hu ufarsah lo yafris tame hu lachem.



Commentary:

does not have a true hoof
  (see Leviticus 11:3). The hooves of the camel are so reduced that they are like claws, and the padded soles support most of the weight. Some, however, understand the padded sole to be the 'hoof' here, and translate it, 'does not have a cloven hoof' (Rashi).

hyrax
  Hyrax syriacus or Procavia capens syriaca. Shafan in Hebrew; chiorogryllios in Greek, (Septuagint); tafan in Arabic. The hyrax is a small mammal, around 20 inches long, living in the Negev mountains. It has short feet, covered with elastic, a flexible tail-less body, and pads. It nests in the clefts of rocks (Psalms 104:18), and lives in small groups (Proverbs 30:26). Since it has a maw like a ruminant, it is considered to 'bring up its cud.'

Saadia similarly translates it into the Arabic wabr, denoting the hyrax or rock badger (cf. Malbim). Other sources translate it as a coney or jerboa.





Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.