||Everyone included in the census must give a half shekel. This shall be by the sanctuary standard, where a shekel is 20 gerahs. It is half of such a shekel that must be given as an offering to God.
Zeh yitnu kol-ha'over al-hapkudim machatsit hashekel beshekel hakodesh esrim gerah hashekel machatsit hashekel trumah l'Adonay.
||Every man over 20 years old shall be included in this census and give this offering to God.
Kol ha'over al-hapkudim miben esrim shanah vamalah yiten trumat Adonay.
Literally, 'sanctuary shekel' or 'holy shekel.'
|a shekel is 20 gerahs|
A gerah is the same as a ma'ah (Targum), a weight equivalent to 1.14 grams. Hence, a shekel is 22.8 grams or 0.8 ounces. Josephus notes that it is around 4 drachmas (Antiquities 3:8:2). A half shekel was a silver coin around the size of a half dollar.