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Mishpatim

  
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 23:4
 23:5
 23:6
 23:7
23:5 If you see the donkey of someone you hate lying under its load, you might want to refrain from helping him, but [instead] you must make every effort to help him [unload it].
Ki-tir'eh chamor sona'acha rovets tachat masa'o vechadalta me'azov lo azov ta'azov imo.
23:6 Fifth Reading
Do not pervert justice for your degraded countryman in his lawsuit.
Lo tateh mishpat evyoncha berivo.
23:7 Keep away from anything false.

Do not kill a person who has not been proven guilty or one who has been acquitted. [Ultimately] I will not let a guilty person escape punishment.
Midvar-sheker tirchak venaki'i vetsadik al-taharog ki lo-atsdik rasha.




Commentary:

you might want to refrain
  (Targum).

make every effort to help
  (Targum; Rashi).

unload it
  (Bava Metzia 32a; Mekhilta; Yad, Rotzeach 13:1; Sefer HaMitzvoth, Positive Commandment 202). Some see the verb azav here as denoting unloading rather than helping (Ibn Ezra). Others see it as denoting loading (Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim).

degraded
  Or, 'worthless.' Therefore, justice must be administered fairly even to the worst criminal (Mekhilta; Yad, Sanhedrin 20:5; Sefer HaMitzvoth, Negative Commandment 278). The word literally means 'one who desires' (Rashi; Radak, Sherashim), and hence also denotes a poor person (Targum).

not been proven guilty
  Literally, 'guiltless.' This teaches that it is forbidden for the courts to impose a death penalty on the basis of circumstantial evidence (Mekhilta; Yad, Sanhedrin 20:1; Sefer HaMitzvoth, Negative Commandment 290). It also teaches that it is forbidden to impose the death penalty as long as anyone has evidence to present in the accused's favor (Mekhilta; Sanhedrin 33b; Rashi).

or one who has been acquitted
  Once a suspect has been acquitted, the death penalty cannot be imposed no matter how much evidence against him is found. This prohibits double jeopardy (Ibid.). Some count these as two separate commandments (Ramban on Sefer HaMitzvoth loc. cit.; Chinukh 82).

Ultimately...
  (Mekhilta; Rashi).





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