||You will not have to lay a hand on him for he will be stoned or cast down. Neither man nor beast will be allowed to live. But when the trumpet is sounded with a long blast, they will then be allowed to climb the mountain.'
Lo-tiga bo yad ki-sakol yisakel o-yaroh yiyareh im-behemah im-ish lo yichyeh bimshoch hayovel hemah ya'alu vahar.
||Moses went down from the mountain to the people. He sanctified them, and they immersed [themselves and] their clothing.
Vayered Moshe min-hahar el-ha'am vayekadesh et-ha'am vayechabsu simlotam.
|You will not have to...|
(Targum Yonathan). Or, 'Do not touch him with your hand' (Lekach Tov; Rashbam; Ibn Ezra; Baaley Tosafoth). Or, 'Let no hand touch [the mountain]' (Mekhilta).
(Sanhedrin 45a; Rashi; MeAm Lo'ez; cf. Malbim; Hirsch). Or, 'he shall be stoned or shot [with an arrow]' (Rashbam; Ibn Ezra; Bachya; Abarbanel; cf. 2 Chronicles 26:15) or, 'He will be stoned or killed with lightning bolts' (Targum Yonathan). Others, 'Let no man touch [the mountain] with his hand, for he must then be put to death by stoning [after being] thrown down' (Mekhilta; Sanhedrin 45a) See Exodus 21:31, Leviticus 4:23.
Yovel in Hebrew. The ram's horn mentioned Exodus 19:16 (Rashi; Ibn Ezra; Targum). See Joshua 6:5. Also see Leviticus 25:10.