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Yitro

  
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 18:20
 18:21
18:21 'But you must [also] seek out from among all the people capable, God-fearing men - men of truth, who hate injustice. You must then appoint them over [the people] as leaders of thousands, leaders of hundreds, leaders of fifties, and leaders of tens.
Ve'atah techezeh mikol-ha'am anshey-chayil yir'ey Elohim anshey emet son'ey vatsa vesamta alehem sarey alafim sarey me'ot sarey chamishim vesarey asarot.



Commentary:

capable
  Chayal in Hebrew. See Genesis 47:6, 1 Kings 1:42, Proverbs 12:4, 31:10, Ruth 3:11. Or, 'competent,' or 'resourceful' (Hirsch). Alternatively, 'men with leadership qualities' (Ramban), 'efficient men' (Ramban), 'strong men' (Ibn Janach); 'stronghearted' or 'confident men' (Tanchuma 2; Ralbag); 'men with initiative' (Divrey Sh'lomo; MeAm Lo'ez); 'men of status' (Rashbam), or, 'wealthy men,' (Mekhilta; Rashi; Sekhel Tov; cf. Genesis 34:29, Isaiah 8:4, 30:6, Jeremiah 16:3). Or, 'superior men,' implying self-control, moral superiority and leadership (Yad, Sanhedrin 2:7).

injustice
  Betza in Hebrew. Cf. Ezekiel 22:12; Judges 5:19, Micah 4:13. Or, 'robbery' (Ramban; Bachya; MeAm Lo'ez); 'Improper gain' (Rashbam), or 'gain' (Rashi, Ibn Ezra). There is actually a Talmudic dispute regarding the last two explanations (Kethuboth 105b; Mekhilta).

leaders...
  Cf. Deuteronomy 1:15.





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