||Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took the drum in her hand, and all the women followed her with drums and dancing.
Vatikach Miryam hanevi'ah achot Aharon et-hatof beyadah vatetsena chol-hanashim achareyha betupim uvimcholot.
||Miriam led them in the response, 'Sing to God for His great victory, horse and rider He cast in the sea.'
Vata'an lahem Miryam shiru l'Adonay ki-ga'oh ga'ah sus verochevo ramah vayam.
||Moses led the Israelites away from the Red Sea, and they went out into the Shur Desert. They traveled for three days in the desert without finding any water.
Vayasa Moshe et-Yisra'el miyam-Suf vayets'u el-midbar-Shur vayelchu shloshet yamim bamidbar velo-mats'u mayim.
||Finally, they came to Marah, but they could not drink any water there. The water was bitter (marah), and that was why the place was called Marah.
Vayavo'u Maratah velo yachlu lishtot mayim miMarah ki marim hem al-ken kara-shmah Marah.
The first mention of her name. See Exodus 2:4.
Tof in Hebrew; see Genesis 31:27. The word is thought to denote a small flat hand drum. See Kanim 3:6.
(Targum; Septuagint). Others say that the mechol mentioned here is a musical instrument (Mekhilta; Pirkey Rabbi Eliezer 42; Radak ad loc. 42:68). This is described as somewhat larger than a tof and played with sticks (Saadia Gaon). Others maintain that it is a percussion instrument somewhat like a tambourine.
|Sing to God...|
See Exodus 15:1. Some say that they sang the entire song (Saadia; Chizzkuni), and that they sang it along with the men (Philo, De Vida Musa; cf. Mekhilta).
See Genesis 16:7, 20:1, 25:18 (cf. Targum; Targum Yonathan). Josephus identifies this with the Pelusian Desert (Antiquities 6:7:3). Saadia, on the other hand identifies it with Jifur, an old name for Es Sur, south-west of the desert of Et-tih (Etham?) near Egypt. A number of sources identify Shur with Etham mentioned above (Exodus 13:20; see Numbers 33:8; Ibn Ezra; Bachya).
Along the eastern shore of the Gulf of Suez, there is a strip of level land. The northern part of this is known as Shur, extending toward the Mediterranean, while the southern part is the Sin Desert (Exodus 16:1). Local traditions identify the first stop with Ayun Musa (the Springs of Moses), on the east side of the Gulf, 9 miles south of Suez and 1.5 miles from the coast.
See Numbers 33:8. This is usually identified with Bir Huwara or Eyn Chawara, some 60 miles south of Suez, and 47 miles south of Ayun Musa, 7 miles from the coast. Others identify Marah with Ain Naba (also known as el-Churkudeh), a fountain with a large flow of brackish water, some 10 miles south-east of Suez.