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 12:37
 12:38
 12:39
12:37 The Israelites traveled from Rameses toward Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 adult males on foot, besides the children.
Vayis'u veney Yisra'el meRamses Sukotah keshesh-me'ot elef ragli hagevarim levad mitach.
12:38 A great mixture [of nationalities] left with them. There were [also] sheep and cattle, a huge amount of livestock.
Vegam-erev rav alah itam vetson uvakar mikneh kaved me'od.
12:39 [The Israelites] baked the dough that they had brought out of Egypt into unleavened (matzah) cakes, since it had not risen. They had been driven out of Egypt and could not delay, and they had not prepared any other provisions.
Vayofu et-habatsek asher hotsi'u miMitsrayim ugot matsot ki lo chamets ki-gorshu miMitsrayim velo yachlu lehitmahameha vegam-tsedah lo-asu lahem.



Commentary:

Rameses
  See Genesis 47:11. This is distinct from Ra'amses mentioned in Exodus 1:11.

Sukkoth
  Cf. Exodus 13:20, Numbers 33:5. Some say that this is the Egyptian Tjek or Sekhut (see note on Exodus 1:11), capital of the Nome Heroopolites, and site of the village of Naville, Josephus identifies it with Letopolis, which was rebuilt as Babel when Cambyses laid Egypt waste (Antiquities 2:15:1). This is apparently the same as Fostat or Cairo (cf. Strabo 17:807).

According to Talmudic tradition, Sukkoth was 120 (Rashi; Ba'aley Tosafoth) or 130 (Targum Yonathan; Lekach Tov) Hebrew miles from Rameses. This is 102 or 110 miles. If it is assumed that Rameses was identical with Heliopolos, then this would set Sukkoth along the Gulf of Suez or in the northern Sinai Peninsula. If Rameses is Pelusium, it could be in approximately the same area. In general, this is a three day journey (see note on Genesis 30:36).

600,000 adult males
  Over 20 years old, see Exodus 38:26, Numbers 1:46, 11:21, 26:51.

on foot
  (Targum Yonathan; Radak, Sherashim;Septuagint). Or, 'able-bodied men' (Midrash HaGadol; Josephus 2:15:1). See Numbers 11:21, Judges 20:2, 1 Samuel 4:10, 15:4, Jeremiah 12:5, etc.

besides the children
  In all, some three million people participated in the Exodus (Targum Yonathan).

A great mixture...
  See Numbers 11:4. Also see Nehemiah 13:3, Jeremiah 25:20, 50:37. This group numbered well over a million (Targum Yonathan; Mekhilta).





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