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Chayey Sarah

  
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 25:11
 25:12
 25:13
25:11 After Abraham died, God blessed Isaac, his son. Isaac lived in the vicinity of Beer LaChai Roi.
Vayehi acharey mot Avraham vayevarech Elohim et-Yitschak beno vayeshev Yitschak im-Be'er Lachay Ro'i.
25:12 Seventh Reading
These are the chronicles of Ishmael son of Abraham, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's slave, bore to Abraham:
Ve'eleh toldot Yishma'el ben-Avraham asher yaldah Hagar haMitsrit shifchat Sarah le-Avraham.
25:13 These are the names of Ishmael's sons in order of their birth: Nebayoth (Ishmael's first-born), Kedar, Adbiel, Mibsam,
Ve'eleh shemot beney Yishma'el bishmotam letoldotam bechor Yishma'el Nevayot veKedar ve'Adbe'el uMivsam.



Commentary:

Beer LaChai Roi
  See note on Genesis 24:62.

Nebayoth
  Nevayoth in Hebrew. The Torah later specifies that it was his sister who married Esau (Genesis 28:9, 36:3). It appears that the people of Nebayoth were nomads engaged in sheep-raising (Isaiah 16:7; Radak ad loc.). They are identified with the Nabetaeans, who lived in northern Arabia, to the south of the Dead Sea (Targum on 1 Chronicles 1:29; Josephus, Antiquities 1:12:4. See 1 Maccabees 5:25, 9:35, 2 Maccabees 5:8; Strabo 16:4; Pliney 12:37). Their capital was Petra, the ancient site of Kadesh (Strabo 16:799, 17:803; Pliney 6:32). Also see Josephus, Antiquities 14:3:3. 14:6:4.

Kedar
  The Targum renders this as Arabia; cf. Ezekiel 27:21. This was a well known nation; see Isaiah 21:16,17, 42:11, Jeremiah 2:10. They were an eastern tribe (Jeremiah 49:28), raising and dealing in sheep (Isaiah 60:17, Ezekiel 27:21), living in black tents (Song of Songs 1:5), and they were hostile (Psalms 120:5). They were associated with a city Chatzor (Jeremiah 49:28). Some identify them with the Kidru found in Assyrian writings, and with the Cedrei in ancient geographies (Pliney 5:11).

Adbiel
  The name is found in ancient Assyrian writings.





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