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Chayey Sarah

  
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 23:1
 23:2
 23:3
23:1 First Reading
Sarah had lived to be 127 years old. [These were] the years of Sarah's life.
Vayihyu chayey Sarah me'ah shanah ve'esrim shanah vesheva shanim shney chayey Sarah.
23:2 Sarah died in Kiryath Arba, also known as Hebron, in the land of Canaan. Abraham came to eulogize Sarah and to weep for her.
Vatamot Sarah beKiryat Arebah hi Chevron be'erets Kena'an vayavo Avraham lispod le-Sarah velivekotah.
23:3 Abraham rose from beside his dead, and he spoke to the children of Heth.
Vayakom Avraham me'al peney meto vayedaber el-bney-Chet lemor.



Commentary:

Sarah had lived...
  Literally, 'The life of Sarah was....'

Kiryath Arba
  See Genesis 35:27. This was the original name for Hebron; see Joshua 14:15, Judges 1:10. Also see Joshua 15:54, 20:7. The name Kiryath Arba literally means 'City of the Four,' or 'City of Arba.' Some say that Arba was the father of a number of giants who lived there (Joshua 15:13, 21:11), and according to this, Arba was the greatest of the Anak-giants (Ibn Ezra here; Joshua 14:15, Rashi ad loc.). It also could have been called 'City of the Four' because four giants lived there, Sheshai, Achiman, Talmi, and their father (Rashi here; Numbers 13:22, Joshua 15:14, Judges 1:10. See Artscroll commentary). Others say that it was given this name because of the four pairs buried there: Adam and Eve, Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, and Jacob and Leah (Bereshith Rabbah 58; Rashi). According to the Talmud, the giant mentioned in Joshua 14:15 is Abraham (Yerushalmi, Shabbath 16:1), and hence 'City of the Four' might have referred to the four allies, Abraham, Aner, Eshkol and Mamre (Genesis 14:13, 14:24; Bereshith Rabbah 58). This name was still retained in later times; Nehemiah 11:25.

Hebron
  This would appear to indicate that they lived in Hebron at the time. According to Talmudic tradition, Sarah died right after the Test (chapter 22), and they had lived in Hebron for the past 12 years. Thus, on the way back from Moriah, Abraham only stopped in Beer-sheba for a short while (see note on Genesis 22:19). According to other sources, they lived in Beer-sheba at this time, but Sarah was heading north toward Jerusalem to inquire about her husband and son when she died in Hebron (Sefer HaYashar, p.64)

children of Heth
  That is, the Hittites. See note on Genesis 10:15.





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