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Lech Lecha

14:10 Siddim Valley was full of tar pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah tried to flee, they fell into them. The others fled to the mountains.
Ve'Emek haSidim be'erot be'erot chemar vayanusu melech Sdom va'Amorah vayiplu-shamah vehanish'arim herah nasu.
14:11 [The victors] seized all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all the food, and they departed.
Vayikchu et-kol-rechush Sedom va'Amorah ve'et-kol-ochlam vayelechu.
14:12 When they left, they [also] took Abram's nephew Lot and his possessions, since he had been living in Sodom.
Vayikchu et-Lot ve'et-rechusho ben-achi Avram vayelechu vehu yoshev biSdom.


tar pits
  Even now, asphalt is found in the Dead Sea region. The Romans referred to it as Mer Asphaltitis, the Asphalt Sea, and it was known to cast up lumps of asphalt (Josephus, Wars 4:8:4; Tacitus, Histories 5:6).

  That is, to the mountains on the west of the Dead Sea, toward Hebron, where Abram was living.

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