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Noach

  
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 10:25
 10:26
 10:27
 10:28
 10:29
 10:30
10:25 Eber had two sons. The name of the first was Peleg, because the world became divided in his days. His brother's name was Yoktan.
Ule-Ever yulad sheney vanim shem ha'echad Peleg ki veyamav niflegah ha'arets veshem achiv Yoktan.
10:26 Yoktan was the father of Almodad, Shelef, Chatzarmaveth, Yerach,
VeYoktan yalad et-Almodad ve'et-Shalef ve'et-Chatsarmavet ve'et-Yarach.
10:27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
Ve'et-Hadoram ve'et-Uzal ve'et-Diklah.
10:28 Obhal, Abhimael, Sh'bha,
Ve'et-Oval ve'et-Avima'el ve'et-Sheva.
10:29 Ophir, Havilah, and Yovav. All these were the sons of Yoktan.
Ve'et Ofir ve'et-Chavilah ve'et-Yovav kol-eleh beney Yoktan.
10:30 Their settlements extended from Meshah toward Sepher, the eastern mountain.
Vayehi moshavam miMesha boachah Sfarah har hakedem.



Commentary:

world became divided...
  This refers to the split occurring after the destruction of the Tower of Babel (see Genesis 11:8). This took place in the year that Peleg died (Seder Olam; Rashi). According to the chronologies (see Genesis 11:19), this was in the year 1996, when Abraham was 48 years old.

Yoktan
  Josephus states that he and his children lived near the Cophon River in India. In Arabian traditions, he is Kochton, the founder of Yemen (see Kesseth HaSofer, 123a).

Almodad
  Some identify him with the founder of Morad in Yemen (Kesseth HaSofer). Others say that it is Allumaeoltae mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography.

Shelef
  Possibly Shalepynoi mentioned by Ptolemy (Geography 6:7, p. 154).

Chatzarmaveth
  Literally, 'Courtyard of Death.' Some identify this with Hadarmaveth in southern Arabia (Kesseth HaSofer 122a).

Yerach
  To the west of Hadarmaveth, there is a Mount Varach (Kesseth HaSofer).

Hadarom
  Some interpret this as denoting 'the south.' This was a fortress to the south of San'a (Kesseth HaSofer). See 1 Chronicles 18:10; Zechariah 12:11.

Uzal
  This was the ancient Arabic name for San'a, the capital of Yemen (Kesseth HaSofer).

Diklah
  Literally a palm tree. Some say that it is an area in Mina, abundant in palm trees (cf. Pliny 6:28).

Obhal
  Some identify this with Avalitae on the Ethiopian Coast.

Abhimael
  Literally 'Father of Mael.' Some identify this with the Mali, a tribe living in the Mecca area, described by Theophrastus (Enquiry into Plants 9:4). This is the Minaei described by Strabo.

Sh'bha
  Or Sheba. See Genesis 10:7, 25:3.

Ophir
  The place from which King Solomon brought gold; 1 Kings 9:28, 10:11. Cf. Psalms 45:9, Isaiah 13:12. From the context, it is a place on the Arabian peninsula. Some identify it with El Ophir, a town in Oman. Josephus, however, identifies Ophir with Aurea Chersonesus, belonging to India (Antiquities 8:6:4). The Septuagint translates Ophir as Sophia, which is Coptic for India. There was indeed an ancient city known as Soupara or Ouppara in the vicinity of Goa on the western coast of India. Later authors identified Ophir with the New World (Rabbi Azzaria de Rossi, Meor Eynaim, Imrey Binah 11; David Gans, Nechmad VeNaim 3:75; Tzemach David 2:1533; Seder HaDoroth 5254).

Havilah
  See notes on Genesis 10:7, 2:11. Some identify this with Chavlotai, an area on the Persian Gulf described in ancient geographies (Strabo 16:728. This is Huvaila in Bahrein. Others state that it is Avalitae on the Avalite Bay (now Zeila), a city on the Sea of Adan south of Bab el Mandeb. There is also a Nagar Havili in India, on the Arabian Sea, some 80 miles north of Bombay. There is also a town Chwala on the Caspian Sea, and therefore in Russian the Caspian Sea is called Chwalinskoje More. The name Havilah in the Torah may refer to more than one place.

Yovav
  This is identified as Yovevitai or Yoveritai mentioned by Ptolemy, along the Salachitis Gulf (Gulf of Oman).

Their settlements
  This refers to the children of Yoktan. According to some authorities, however, it refers to all the children of Shem (Cf. Ramban on Genesis 11:12).

Meshah
  This is identified with Mecca (Saadia). Others say that it is Mocha (Al Mukha) in Yemen (cf. Ptolemy, Geography 6:7, 14a, 74b). Others identify it with Mesene (Khowr-e Musa) at the mouth of the Tigris, where it flows into the Persian Gulf.

Sepher
  Some sources identify this with Medina (Saadia Gaon). The Midrash states that it is T'phari or Taphar (Bereshith Rabbah 37). Others identify it with Isfor in southern Arabia.

eastern mountain
  Some identify this with Alakdar in eastern Arabia, on the Indian Ocean (Kesseth HaSofer).





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