||She bore him Zimran, Yakshan, Medan, Midian, Yishbak and Shuach.
Vateled lo et-Zimran ve'et-Yokshan ve'et-Medan ve'et-Midyan ve'et-Yishbak ve'et-Shuach.
||Yakshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were the Ashurim, Letushim and Leumim.
VeYokshan yalad et-Sheva ve'et-Dedan uveney Dedan hayu Ashurim uLtushim uLe'umim.
||The sons of Midian were Eiphah, Epher, Enoch, Avidah and Elda'ah. |
All these were Keturah's descendants.
Uveney Midyan Eyfah vaEfer vaChanoch va'Avida ve'Elda'ah kol-eleh beney Keturah.
See Radak on Jeremiah 25:25. Some identify him with Zabram, a major city between Mecca and Medina mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography. Josephus renders the name Zambran.
See Genesis 37:36. Possibly associated with Medina.
A well known nation, living to the northeast of the gulf of Aqaba on the Arabian Peninsula, in what is now southern Jordan. See Genesis 37:28, 36:25. They were often involved with the Israelites; Numbers 22:4, Judges 7:12, 6:1, etc. Most significantly, Moses married a Midianite woman (Exodus 2:16).
Job's friend in the land of Utz (Genesis 10:23, 22:21) was Bildad from Shuach (Job 2:11, Ibn Ezra ad loc.). In ancient times there was a nation by the name of Sachia in western Arabia, to the east of Batanaea (Ptolemy, Geography 5:15).
|Sheba and Dedan|
See Genesis 10:7 and 10:28. The Targum on 1 Chronicles 1:32 translates these as Zmargad and M'zag, the same as on 1 Chronicles 1:9, and Genesis 10:7 (see note there). Since the Targum relates them, the verse may be speaking of groups that lived in specific places, and not individuals. Josephus renders Sheba here as Shabathan.
A nation (Rashi; Josephus). See Genesis 2:14, 10:11; note on Genesis 25:18. Possibly associated with Shur or Asir in Yemen. These are omitted in Chronicles. The Targum translates the three names here as, 'caravan drivers, traders and colonists' (cf. Targum Yonathan; Bereshith Rabbah 61; Rashi; see Targum on 46:3).
|sons of Midian|
Midian had five kings, for each of these five nations; Numbers 31:8.
An Arabian tribe mentioned as bringing gold and incense in caravans from Sheba; Isaiah 60:6 (Rashi ad loc.). The Targum on Isaiah 60:6 renders it Halad, while the Targum on 1 Chronicles 1:33 renders it Chavaled.
From which Africa received its name according to Josephus. He also quotes Alexander Polyhistor (c. 100-40 b.c.e.) that this Epher conquered Libia and gave it his name, Africa (Antiquities 1:15:1).
Chanokh in Hebrew. See Genesis 4:17, 5:18.