||You shall then make the following declaration before God your Lord: |
'My ancestor was a homeless Aramaean. He went to Egypt with a small number of men and lived there as an immigrant, but it was there that he became a great, powerful, and populous nation.
Ve'anita ve'amarta lifney Adonay Eloheycha Arami oved avi vayered Mitsraymah vayagor sham bimtey me'at vayehi-sham legoy gadol atsum varav.
||The Egyptians were cruel to us, making us suffer and imposing harsh slavery on us.
Vayare'u otanu haMitsrim vaye'anunu vayitnu aleynu avodah kashah.
|You shall then|
After taking the basket back from the priest (Rashi on Deuteronomy 26:10). Or while waving the basket (cf. Yad, Bikkurim 3:12; Tosafoth Yom Tov on Bikkurim 3:6). Or before the priest takes the basket (Shenoth Eliahu, Bikkurim 3:6).
Jacob. Or, Abraham (Rashbam).
(Rashbam; Sforno; cf. Chizzkuni on 11:17). Or, 'a poor Aramaean' (Ibn Ezra, Chizzkuni; Bachya), or, 'a persecuted Aramaean' (Radak, Sherashim). Jacob is referred to as an Aramaean because this was the homeland of his ancestors. Or, 'my ancestor was exiled to Aramaea' (Targum Yonathan; Ralbag), or, 'my ancestor abandoned Aramaea' (Septuagint). Or, 'An Aramaean [tried to] destroy my ancestor [Jacob],' where the Aramaean is Laban (cf. Genesis 31:22,29; Targum; Sifri; Saadia; Rashi).