||However, when dealing with the cities of these nations, which God your Lord is giving you as hereditary territory, you shall not allow any people to remain alive.
Rak me'arey ha'amim ha'eleh asher Adonay Eloheycha noten lecha nachalah lo techayeh kol-neshamah.
|you shall not allow...|
If they do not make peace as in Deuteronomy 20:10 (Yad, Melakhim 6:1; Ramban). Others maintain that one can only make peace with distant nations, but nearby nations must be annihilated (Rashi).