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Matot

  
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 32:34
 32:35
 32:36
 32:37
32:35 Atroth Shofan, Ya'azer, Yagbehah,
Ve'et-Atrot Shofan ve'et-Yazer veYogbehah.
32:36 Beth Nimrah, and Beth Haran. [These were built] into fortress cities and enclosures for flocks.
Ve'et-beyt Nimrah ve'et-beyt Haran arey mivtsar vegidrot tson.
32:37 The descendants of Reuben built up Cheshbon, Elaleh, Kiryathaim,
Uvney Re'uven banu et-Cheshbon ve'et-El'ale ve'et Kiryatayim.



Commentary:

Atroth Shofan
  Unknown. The Septuagint has Shefer; see Numbers 33:23.

Ya'azer
  See Numbers 32:3

Yagbehah
  Or Yogbehah. A place name (Targum), cf. Judges 8:11. This is a city some 19 miles east of the Jordan, 18 miles north of the Dead Sea, the modern Jubeihat. The Septuagint, however, translates this, 'and raised it (Ya'azer) up.'

Beth Nimrah
  Also known as Nimrah, see Numbers 32:3.

Beth Haran
  Also known as Beth Haram. It was in the Abu Araba valley, half way between Cheshbon and the Jordan (cf. Joshua 13:27). In Roman times it was known as Betharamptha and Livias, and Herod renamed it Julias (Josephus, Antiquities 18:2:1). It is the site of the modern Tel Iktanu. See Genesis 11:26.

Cheshbon, Elaleh
  See Numbers 32:3

Kiryathaim
  In the mountain leading to the valley (Joshua 13:19). See Genesis 14:5. It is the modern el Qereiyat, 7 miles north of the Arnon, and 8 miles east of the Dead Sea.





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