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Matot

  
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 32:2
 32:3
 32:4
32:3 'Ataroth, Divon, Ya'azer, Nimrah, Cheshbon, El'aleh, Sevam, Nebo and Be'on
Atarot veDivon veYazer veNimrah veCheshbon ve'El'aleh uSvam uNevo uVe'on.
32:4 [in] the land that God struck down before the Israelite community is livestock land - and what we have is livestock.'
Ha'arets asher hikah Adonay lifney adat Yisra'el erets mikneh hi vela'avadeycha mikneh.



Commentary:

Ataroth
  This was later built up by Gad (Numbers 32:34). This is identified with the modern Attaruth, 7 miles east of the Dead Sea, 8 miles north of the Arnon, and 8 miles n.n.w. of Divon. Although it was built up by Gad, it eventually became part of Reuben's territory; see next note.

Divon
  See Numbers 21:30. Although it was built up by Gad (Numbers 32:34), it eventually became part of Reuben's territory (Joshua 13:17).

Ya'azer
  See Numbers 21:32. It was built up by Gad (Numbers 32:35), and became the border of their territory (Joshua 13:25) and a Levitical city (Joshua 21:37; 1 Chronicles 6:66).

Nimrah
  Or Beth Nimrah. This was built by Gad (Numbers 32:35), and became part of their territory (Joshua 13:27). It was also known as Nimrim (Isaiah 15:6, Jeremiah 48:35). In Roman times, it was called Bethennabris (Septuagint on Joshua 13:27; Eusebius), and in Talmudic times, Beth Nimrin (Targum) or Beth Namar (Peah 4:5). It is the modern Tel el-Bleibil or Tel Nimrin, on the Nimrin River near the modern Shunath Nimrin, 11 miles east of Jericho.

Cheshbon
  The capital of Sichon; Numbers 21:25.

El'aleh
  A city built up by Reuben (Numbers 32:27), and part of the Reubenite territory. It is the present el-Al, around 2 miles northeast of Cheshbon (Eusebius; cf. Isaiah 15:4, 16:9, Jeremiah 48:34).

Sevam
  Also known as Sivmah (cf. Septuagint), a city built by the Reubenites (Numbers 32:38), and part of their territory (Joshua 13:19). A town near Cheshbon (cf. Isaiah 16:8,9; also see Jeremiah 48:32).

Nebo
  N'bho in Hebrew. This was the mountain upon which Moses died (Deuteronomy 32:49; Targum). See Numbers, 27:12. It is the modern Neba at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea. It was built up by Reuben (Numbers 32:38).

Be'on
  Changed to Baal Meon and built by the Reubenites (Numbers 32:38), and known as Beth Baal Meon, part of their territory (Joshua 13:17). It is the modern Ma'in, 6 miles south of Mount Nebo (cf. 1 Chronicles 5:8), and midway between Nebo and Kiryathaim (cf. Jeremiah 48:23, Ezekiel 25:9). The Septuagint (on Ezekiel 25:9) translates it as 'Fountain City.'





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