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Balak

  
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 24:5  24:6
 24:7
 24:8
24:5 'How good are your tents, Jacob, your tabernacles, Israel.
Mah-tovu ohaleycha Ya'akov mishkenoteycha Yisra'el.
24:6 [They] stretch out like streams, like gardens by the river; they are like the aloes God has planted, like cedars by the water.
Kinechalim nitayu keganot aley nahar ka'ahalim nata Adonay ka'arazim aley-mayim.
24:7 His dipper shall overflow, and his crops shall have abundant water.

'When their kingdom is established, their king shall be greater than Agag.
Yizal-mayim midolyo vezar'o bemayim rabim veyarom me'agag malko vetinase malchuto.

24:8 Since God brought them out of Egypt, they are like His highest expression of strength. [God] shall devour His enemy nations, grinding their bones and piercing them with His arrows.
El motsi'o miMitsrayim keto'afot re'em lo yochal goyim tsarav ve'atsmoteyhem yegarem vechitsav yimchats.



Commentary:

They stretch out...
  Or, 'like shady groves' (Septuagint).

aloes
  (Targum; Rashi; Rashbam; Ibn Ezra). Ahalim in Hebrew; see Psalms 45:9, Proverbs 7:17, Song of Songs 4:14. See note on Exodus 30:23, s.v. 'fragrant cinnamon.' Or, 'tents' (Rashi; Saadia; Ralbag; Septuagint).

dipper
  (cf. Rashi, Ibn Ezra). Dal in Hebrew. Or, 'branches' (Chizzkuni), 'poor' (Nedarim 81a), or, 'power' (Baaley Tosafoth; see next note).

and his crops...
  (cf. Ibn Ezra). Or, 'his power will overflow, and his offspring against the mighty waters' (Baaley Tosafoth). This is thus rendered, 'A king shall come forth from his children, and he shall rule many nations' (Targum; Septuagint). The agreement here between the Targum and the Septuagint is highly significant.

Agag
  A generic name for the kings of Amalek (Rashbam); see notes on Genesis 12:15, 20:2. See 1 Samuel 15:8; Esther 3:1. The Septuagint identifies Agag with Gog; cf. Ezekiel 38:2.

God brought...
  See Numbers 23:22.

God
  (Ralbag). Or, 'they shall' (Targum).

grinding...
  (Rashi). Or, 'draining their marrow.' (Septuagint).

piercing them...
  (Saadia, Radak, Sherashim; Septuagint). Or, 'dipping his arrows [in their blood]' (Rashi), or, 'Taking away their portion' (Targum).





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