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Chukat

  
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 20:29
 21:1
20:29 the people realized that Aaron had died. The entire family of Israel mourned Aaron for thirty days.
Vayir'u kol-ha'edah ki gava Aharon vayivku et-Aharon shloshim yom kol beyt Yisra'el.
21:1 When the Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that the Israelites were traveling along the Atharim Highway, he attacked them and took some captives.
Vayishma haKna'ani melech-Arad yoshev hanegev ki ba Yisra'el derech ha'atarim vayilachem beYisra'el vayishb mimenu shevi.



Commentary:

family of Israel
  Literally, 'House of Israel;' see Exodus 16:31.

thirty days
  See Genesis 50:3; Deuteronomy 34:8. A number of the events recorded subsequently occurred during these 30 days; see Numbers 21:12. It was when the period of mourning was over that Israel fought against Sichon; see Numbers 21:21.

Canaanite
  Some say that he was an Amalekite (BeMidbar Rabbah 19:20; Rashi).

Arad
  This is identified with Tel Arad, 13 miles west of the Dead Sea, about half way between the Dead Sea and Beer Sheba. See Numbers 33:40, Joshua 12:4. Also see Judges 1:16, and some say that the war described there occurred in Moses' time.

Negev
  Southern part of Holy Land.

Atharim
  A proper noun (Saadia; Septuagint). Probably the main highway leading through the Negev toward Beer Sheba. Or, 'the route of the spies' (Targum; Rashi; Rashbam), or, 'a round-about route' (Chizzkuni).





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