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Lech Lecha

  
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 15:18
 15:19
 15:20
15:18 On that day, God made a covenant with Abram, saying, 'To your descendants I have given this land, from the Egyptian River as far as the great river, the Euphrates;
Bayom hahu karat Adonay et-Avram brit lemor lezar'acha natati et-ha'arets hazot minehar Mitsrayim ad-hanahar hagadol nehar-Perat.
15:19 [the lands of] the Kenites, the Kenizites, the Kadmonites,
Et-haKeyni ve'et haKenizi ve'et haKadmoni.
15:20 the Hittites, the Perizites, the Rephaim,
Ve'et-haChiti ve'et-haPrizi ve'et-haRefayim.



Commentary:

Euphrates
  This is the limit reached in the days of Solomon (1 Kings 5:1).

Kadmonites
  Identified simply as Arabs, living in the area of Ammon, to the northeast of the Dead Sea (see sources mentioned in note on Genesis 15:19 'Kenites'). Literally, 'the Easterner' cf. 1 Samuel 24:14. The Dead Sea was also known as the 'Eastern Sea' or 'Kadmoni Sea' (Ezekiel 47:18, Joel 2:20, Zechariah 38:17).

Hittites
  Living around Hebron. See note on Genesis 10:15.

Rephaim
  See note on Genesis 14:5.

Egyptian River
  Some say that it is the Nile (Targum Yonathan), but this is a minority opinion. Ibn Ezra says that it is the Shichur River (cf. Joshua 13:3, Jeremiah 2:18), which is identified with Wadi el Arish, on the border of the Holy Land, some 90 miles east of the present Suez Canal (see note on Exodus 23:31). See Numbers 34:5.

Kenites
  It seems that they lived near Moab, to the west of the Dead Sea (cf. Numbers 24:21; Bava Bathra 56a). They lived in Ir HaTamarim (Palm City) (Judges 1:16), which may be identified with Chatzatzon Tamar (Genesis 14:7), to the west of the Dead Sea. The Targum translates Keni as Shaalmite, an Arabic tribe (cf. Bava Bathra 56a; Yerushalmi, Shevi'ith 6:1; Yerushalmi, Kiddushin 1:8; Bereshith Rabbah 44).

Kenizites
  They are identified as the Nebatians, a tribe that lived to the southeast of the Holy Land, near Edom (see sources mentioned in note on Genesis 15:19 'Kenites'; cf. Targum Yonathan on Numbers 11:22; Targum on Isaiah 60:7, Ezekiel 27:21).

Perizites
  See note on Genesis 13:7.





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