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5:4 [This is also true] if a person makes a verbal oath to do good or bad, no matter what is expressed in the oath, and then forgets about it.

In any of these cases, the person is considered guilty as soon as he realizes what he has done.
O nefesh ki tishava levate visfatayim lehara o leheytiv lechol asher yevate ha'adam bishvu'ah vene'elam mimenu vehu-yada ve'ashem le'achat me'eleh.

5:5 When he is guilty in any of these cases, he must confess the sin that he has committed.
Vehayah chi-yesham le'achat me'eleh vehitvadah asher chata aleyha.


  (Rashi; Radak, Sherashim). Bata in Hebrew.

no matter...
  This can also include an oath about something that already happened (Shevuoth 26a; Rashi).

forgets about it
  And then violates the oath (Yad, Shevuoth 3:8). Specifically, 'he is not aware that it incurs such a penalty' (Shevuoth 26a; Yad, Shevuoth 3:7).

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