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VaYikra

  
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 2:2
 2:3
2:2 He shall bring it to the priests who are Aaron's descendants, and [a priest] shall scoop out three fingers full of its meal and oil, [and then take] all the frankincense. The priest shall then burn [this] memorial portion on the altar as a fire offering, an appeasing fragrance to God.
Vehevi'ah el-beney Aharon hakohanim vekamats misham melo kumtso misoltah umishamnah al kol-levonatah vehiktir hakohen et-azkaratah hamizbechah isheh re'ach nichoach l'Adonay.
2:3 The rest of the meal offering shall belong to Aaron and his descendants. It is holy of holies among the fire offerings to God.
Vehanoteret min-haminchah le-Aharon ulevanav kodesh kodashim me'ishey Adonay.



Commentary:

three fingers full
  The priest scooped out the flour with the three middle fingers of the hand, using the thumb and pinky to rub off any flour sticking out at the ends (Menachoth 11a. Rashi; Radak, Sherashim). According to others, however, the kemitzah was a complete handful ( Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:13, see Kesef Mishneh ad loc.; Ralbag). The priest would have to scoop up at least an amount the size of two olives (around 100 c.c. or 3 1/2 fl. oz.) (Yad, loc.cit.).

Before scooping up the flour, the frankincense would be put to the side, so that only flour and oil would be scooped up (Sotah 14b; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:12).

Scooping the portion from a meal offering was in place of slaughter of an animal (Rambam on Menachoth 1:1).

and then take...
  The frankincense would then be removed separately, and placed on the scooped flour (Ibid.; Rashi; Sifra).

memorial portion
  (Ibn Ezra; Radak, Sherashim). Azkarah in Hebrew. Or, 'burned portion' (Saadia, from Psalms 20:4; cf. Ibn Janach).





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