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Noach

  
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 10:5
 10:6  10:7
 10:8
10:7 The sons of Cush were S'bha, Havila, Sabhta, Raamah and Sabht'ka.

The sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
Uveney Chush Seva vaChavilah veSavta veRamah veSavtecha uvney Ramah Shva uDedan.

10:8 Cush was the father of Nimrod, who was the first to amass power in the world.
VeChush yalad et-Nimrod hu hechel lihyot gibor ba'arets.



Commentary:

Sabhta
  Usually transliterated Sabta. Josephus identifies this nation with the Astaborans. The Talmud identifies it with outer Takistan, see S'bha. The Targum renders it S'midai, Smadai or Samrai, a Cushite tribe, possibly the Sabrata of North Africa.

Dedan
  Josephus identifies this nation with the Judadeans of western Ethiopia. The Targum has M'zag, perhaps the Mazices of northern Africa.

S'bha
  Usually transliterated as Seba. Cf. Isaiah 43:3, 45:14, Psalms 72:10. Josephus identifies this with the Sabeans, a people living in southern Arabia. The name may still be preserved in the town of As Sabya. The Targum renders it Sinirai or Sinidai. In the Talmud, this nation is identified with Sakistan or Sagistan (Yoma 10a). Sagistan is a district in Drangonia in the Persian Empire, occupied by Scythians.

Havila
  See note on Genesis 2:11. The Targum has India. Josephus, however, has Getuli.

Raamah
  They were traders in spices, precious stones and gold; Ezekiel 27:22. Here the Targum has Lubai, the Lybians. The second time Raamah is mentioned in this verse, however, the Targum (Yonathan) has Mavryatinos, which is Mauretania, a district in northwest Africa. (cf. Yevamoth 63a; Sifri, Deuteronomy 3:20).

Sabht'ka
  Usually transliterated as Sabteca. The Targum renders it Zingain, possibly the African Zeugis.

Sheba
  Actually Sh'bha. See 1 Kings 10:1, Genesis 10:28, 25:3. Josephus identifies these with the Sabeans, as he does to S'bha. The Targum renders it Zamdugad, Zamrugad (on Genesis) or Zmargad and Dmargad (on Chronicles).

Nimrod
  See Micah 5:5. He is credited as being the first Babylonian king and the builder of the Tower, see Genesis 11:1-9 (Sefer HaYashar; Josephus 1:4:3. Cf. Targum Yonathan on Genesis 10:11). See note on Genesis 14:1, 25:29.





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