||He took the book of the covenant and read it aloud to the people. They replied, 'We will do and obey all that God has declared.'
Vayikach sefer habrit vayikra be'ozney ha'am vayomeru kol asher-diber Adonay na'aseh venishma.
||Moses then took [the rest of] the blood and sprinkled it on the people. He said, 'This is the blood of the covenant that God is making with you regarding all these words.'
Vayikach Moshe et-hadam vayizrok al-ha'am vayomer hineh dam-habrit asher karat Adonay imachem al kol-hadvarim ha'eleh.
|book of the covenant|
Some say that this includes all of Genesis and Exodus up to the giving of the Ten Commandments (Rashi; Mekhilta on Exodus 19:10). According to others, it was all the laws discussed up until this point (Mekhilta loc. cit. ), particularly 21:1-23:19 (Ramban; Ibn Ezra on Exodus 23:4; Hirsch), or the admonitions in Leviticus 25:1-26:46 (Mekhilta; Chizzkuni). Others say that it was the Ten Commandments (Rabbi Yehuda HaChasid, quoted in Paneach Raza) or the verse, Exodus 19:5 (Midrash HaGadol; Bachya). See Exodus 34:28, 2 Kings 23:2.
|on the people|
Or, 'on behalf of the people [on the altar]' (Targum). Some say that it was sprinkled on the 12 pillars (Abarbanel, see Exodus 24:4).