Contents Calendar Find Reference
Navigating the Bible
Exodus Mishpatim
  Ki Tisa
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading, Last Reading


22:13 If a person borrows something from another, and it becomes broken or dies, and the owner is not involved with [the borrower], then [the borrower] must make full restitution.
Vechi-yish'al ish me'im re'ehu venishbar o-met be'alav eyn-imo shalem yeshalem.
22:14 However, if the owner was involved with him, then [the borrower] need not make restitution.

If the article was hired, [the loss] is covered by the rental price.
Im-be'alav imo lo yeshalem im-sachir hu ba bischaro.

22:15 If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed, he must pay a dowry and must marry her.
Vechi-yefateh ish betulah asher lo-orasah veshachav imah mahor yimeharenah lo le'ishah.
22:16 If her father refuses to allow him to marry her, then he must pay [the father] the usual dowry money for virgins.
Im-ma'en yema'en aviha letitah lo kesef yishkol kemohar habetulot.
22:17 Do not allow a sorceress to live.
Mechashefah lo techayeh.


broken or dies
  Even by accident (Rashi).

  But if the owner is working for the borrower in any manner whatever, there is no liability (Mekhilta; Bava Metzia 94a; Rashi; Yad, Sho'el 2:1). Where the owner is working for the borrower, it is assumed that the owner has some benefit in lending the article (Hirsch). Literally, 'and its owner is not with it.' This can also be interpreted, 'the owner is not there at the time' (Ibn Ezra on Exodus 22:14), or, 'the owner was not [working] with [the article]' (Rashbam).

If the article...
  (Mekhilta; Rashi). Or, 'If [the owner] is an employee [of the borrower], then [the loss] is covered by his wages' (Yad, Sekhiruth 1:3; Sekhel Tov; Bekhor Shor; Chizzkuni; Abarbanel; Adereth Eliahu).

  Betrothal rights (erusin) is the first step in marriage, where the couple are legally married, and the marriage can only be dissolved by an official bill of divorce. Today, the giving of the ring is the betrothal ceremony. Adultery with a betrothed girl is a crime punishable by death. Deuteronomy 22:23 f (Rashbam). The second step of marriage is when the husband brings the bride into his domain (nesuin).

her father
  And certainly if she herself refuses (Kethuvoth 39b; Kiddushin 46a).

usual dowry
  50 silver shekels (Deuteronomy 22:29; Kethuvoth 29b; Rashi). Since there are 4 zuzim to a shekel, this is equal to 200 zuzim (Sekhel Tov). This is also the amount that is written in a woman's marriage contract (kethuvah) upon marriage (Kethuvoth 10a). It was enough for a person to live on for a year (Peah 8:8; Rash, Bertenoro ad loc.).

Do not allow...
  See Deuteronomy 18:10,11; Leviticus 19:26,31.

Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.