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Yitro

  
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 20:8  20:9
 20:10
20:8 Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy.
Zachor et-yom haShabat lekadsho.
20:9 You can work during the six weekdays and do all your tasks.
Sheshet yamim ta'avod ve'asita chol-melachtecha.
20:10 But Saturday is the Sabbath to God your Lord. Do not do anything that constitutes work. [This includes] you, your son, your daughter, your slave, your maid, your animal, and the foreigner in your gates.
Veyom hashvi'i Shabat l'Adonay Eloheycha lo ta'aseh chol-melachah atah uvincha-uvitecha avdecha va'amatcha uvehemtecha vegercha asher bish'areycha.



Commentary:

Saturday
  Literally, 'the seventh day,' but this is the Hebrew expression for Saturday.

work
  By tradition, there are 39 categories of work (Shabbath 73a). These include carrying (Exodus 16:29), cooking and other food preparation (Exodus 16:23), lighting fires (Exodus 35:3), and all agricultural activities (Exodus 34:21). By tradition, all such activities as writing, making cloth, sewing, making leather, building, laundering, and assembling articles are also forbidden.

foreigner
  (cf. Ramban). Especially a gentile employee (Ralbag) or, 'proselyte' (Mekhilta), even a minor (Ralbag). See Exodus 23:12.





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