wrap Pethilah in Hebrew. This is alternatively translated as a cloak (Targum; Rashi), a belt (Saadia; Rashbam), a hood (Radak), or the special shawl worn by aristocrats (Ramban; cf. Tzava'ath Yehudah 12:4). Ancient sources note that in the Middle East, people usually wore a long tunic reaching to the feet, with a short white cloak thrown around them, and besides this, people would always carry a seal and a walking stick with an elaborately carved top (Herodotus 1:195). The pethilah would then be the white cloak. Other sources indicate that the seal and string (pethilah) were to bind the sheep, and the staff was the shepherd's crook (Sekhel Tov).
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