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VaYishlach

  
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 36:8
 36:9
 36:10
 36:11
36:10 These are the names of Esau's sons:

Eliphaz, son of Esau's wife Adah;

Reuel, son of Esau's wife Basemath.
Eleh shmot beney-Esav Elifaz ben-Adah eshet Esav Re'u'el ben-Bosmat eshet Esav.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Tzefo, Gatam, and Kenaz.
Vayihyu bney Elifaz Teyman Omar Tsfo veGatam uKnaz.



Commentary:

Eliphaz...
  Reuel. See Genesis 36:4.

Teman
  See Genesis 36:15,42, 1 Chronicles 1:53. Also see Genesis 36:34. Teman was a city some 50 miles to the south of the Dead sea, near Petra. It might also be identified with Yemen (see note on Genesis 36:34). See Jeremiah 49:7,20, Ezekiel 25:13, Amos 1:12, Habakkuk 3:3. From the verses, Teman appears to be an area to the south of Seir; Obadiah 1:9; Ramban on Genesis 36:34. Job's friend Eliphaz was from Teman; Job 2:11, see note on Genesis 36:4.

Omar
  See Genesis 36:15.

Tzefo
  See Genesis 36:15. In 1 Chronicles 1:36, the name is given as Tzefi. There is a tradition that Tzefo was the military leader of Edom, and possibly one of the early settlers of Rome (Sefer HaYashar, pp. 163, 169, 175; Yossipon 2; MeAm Lo'ez/The Torah Anthology 3:551, 588, 4:8,24,233; Ramban on Genesis 49:31; Bachya on Genesis 50:9). See note on Genesis 36:43.

Gatam
  See Genesis 36:16. Josephus renders this as Gotham.

Kenaz
  See Genesis 36:15,42. Also see Genesis 15:19.





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