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21:20 From Bamoth [they went] to Hagai in the field of Moab. It is on the top of the cliff that overlooks the Wastelands.
UmiBamot Hagay asher bisdeh Moav rosh hapisgah venishkafah al-peney hayeshimon.
21:21 Seventh Reading Fourth Reading
Israel sent emissaries to Sichon king of the Amorites with the following message,
Vayishlach Yisra'el mal'achim el-Sichon melech-ha'Emori lemor.


  Also a place name (cf. Septuagint). See Deuteronomy 34:6, Ezekiel 39:11. Some sources identify this with Avel HaShittim in Numbers 33:49 (Chizzkuni); cf. Numbers 25:1, Joshua 2:1, 3:1. The Targum translates it as 'the plain,' and some say that it is the same as the Western Plains of Moab (HaKethav VeHaKabbalah), west of the Pisgah cliff in Deuteronomy 3:17 (Lekach Tov). Others say that it was the top of the Pisgah cliff, where Moses died (Ibn Ezra; cf. Deuteronomy 34:6).

Geographically, it appears to be the depression in the heights just to the south of Mount Nebo. This is the source of the present Ujami stream, which flows into the northern end of the Dead Sea, about 3 miles east of the Jordan. See Deuteronomy 3:29.

  (Targum; Rashi). Pisgah in Hebrew. Some have it as a proper name (cf. Psalms 48:14). Others translate pisgah as 'quarry' (Septuagint).

Pisgah may be a generic term for the cliffs overlooking the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. However, it is usually thought to denote the cliff that juts out some 8 miles directly east of the Dead Sea's northern shore, 2 miles due west of Mount Nebo (cf. Deuteronomy 3:27).

  (Rashi; Ibn Ezra). Some take Yeshimon here to be a proper name (Targum); see Deuteronomy 32:10. Some identify it with Beth HaYeshemoth in Numbers 33:48 (see Chizzkuni ad loc.). Cf. Joshua 12:3, 13:20, Ezekiel 25:9. Also see Numbers 23:28, 1 Samuel 23:19,24, 26:1,3.

Geographically, it appears that the Yeshimon is the desolate area to the northeast of the Dead Sea.

  See Judges 11:19. Some say that Moses sent them; see Deuteronomy 2:26 (BeMidbar Rabbah 19:28; Rashi). According to tradition, the encounter with Sichon occurred in Elul, about one month after Aaron's death (BeMidbar Rabbah 19:32).

  According to ancient tradition, Sichon and Og were brothers, and were both over 800 years old at the time. They were both giants, but Og was the greater (Niddah 61a; Bachya).

  See Genesis 10:16, 14:7.

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