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Shlach

  
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 13:1  13:2
 13:3
 13:4
13:1 First Reading
God spoke to Moses, saying,
Vayedaber Adonay el-Moshe lemor.
13:2 'Send out men for yourself to explore the Canaanite territory that I am about to give the Israelites. Send out one man for each patriarchal tribe. Each one shall be a person of high rank.'
Shlach-lecha anashim veyaturu et-erets Kena'an asher-ani noten livney Yisra'el ish echad ish echad lemateh avotav tishlachu kol nasi vahem.
13:3 Moses sent them from the Paran Desert at God's bidding. All the men were leaders of the Israelites.
Vayishlach otam Moshe mimidbar Paran al-pi Adonay kulam anashim rashey vney-Yisra'el hemah.
13:4 Their names were as follows:

From the tribe of Reuben, Shamua son of Zakur.
Ve'eleh shmotam lemateh Re'uven Shamua ben-Zakur.




Commentary:

Paran Desert
  Some say that they were then in Rithma, which was the next stop after Chatzeroth as we see in Numbers 33:18 (Sforno on Numbers12:16). Other sources, however, indicate that they were in Kadesh Barnea, as evident from Numbers 13:26 (Chizzkuni on Numbers 12:16; Lekach Tov on Numbers 13:17). See Numbers 32:8; Deuteronomy 1:19,22, 9:23, Joshua 14:7. However, it appears that Kadesh Barnea is simply another name for Rithmah (Chizzkuni on Numbers 33:16). Kadesh Barnea is not to be confused with the Kadesh to which the Israelites came at the end of the 40 years (Numbers, 20:1; Ramban, Chizzkuni, ad loc.).

Shamua
  Possibly a form of Samuel or Sh'muel (cf. Septuagint). See 1 Chronicles 4:26.





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