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Numbers Chapter 28
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Deuteronomy

The Daily Sacrifice
28:1 God spoke to Moses, telling him to
28:2 give the Israelites instructions and tell them: Be careful to offer My fire-offering food sacrifice to Me in its proper time as My appeasing fragrance.
28:3 Tell them that the fire offering that they must offer to God shall consist of two yearling sheep without blemish each day as a regular daily burnt offering.
28:4 Prepare one sheep in the morning, and the second sheep in the afternoon.
28:5 There shall also be 1/10 ephah of wheat meal for the grain offering, mixed with 1/4 hin hand pressed olive oil.
28:6 This is the regular daily burnt offering, [the same as that] presented at Mount Sinai as an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God.
28:7 Its libation, shall be 1/4 hin wine for each sheep, poured in the sanctuary as a libation, a drink offering to God.
28:8 Present the second sheep in the afternoon. You shall present it [with the same] meal offering and libation as the morning [sacrifice]; it is a fire offering, an appeasing fragrance to God.

The Additional Sabbath Offering
28:9 On the Sabbath day, [you shall present] two [additional] yearling sheep without blemish, 2/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil as a grain offering, and its libation.
28:10 This is the burnt offering presented each Sabbath in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.

The New Moon Offering
28:11 On your new moon festivals you shall present as a burnt offering to God, two young bulls, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, [all] without blemish.
28:12 There shall be a grain offering of 3/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil for each bull, a grain offering of 2/10 [ephah] wheat meal mixed with oil for the ram,
28:13 and a grain offering of 1/10 [ephah] mixed with oil for each sheep. This shall be burnt offering [presented] as an appeasing fragrance to God.
28:14 Their wine libations shall consist of 1/2 hin for each bull, 1/3 hin for the ram, and 1/4 hin for each sheep. This is the new moon burnt offering, for the year's lunar months.
28:15 There shall also be one goat [presented] as a sin offering to God. [All this] shall be presented in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.

The Passover Offering
28:16 The 14th day of the first month is God's Passover.
28:17 Then, on the 15th day, a festival shall begin, when matzahs shall be eaten for seven days.
28:18 The first day shall be a sacred holiday when you shall do no mundane work.
28:19 As a burnt fire offering to God, you shall offer two young bulls, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, making sure that [all] are without blemish.
28:20 The grain offering that you must present shall consist of wheat meal mixed with oil, 3/10 [ephah] for each bull, 2/10 for the ram,
28:21 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
28:22 [There shall also be] a sin offering goat to make atonement for you.
28:23 [All] these shall be presented in addition to the morning burnt offering that [is offered as] the regular daily sacrifice.
28:24 On each of the seven days, you shall prepare a similar [sacrifice] as a consumed fire offering, an appeasing fragrance to God. This shall be in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its libation.
28:25 The seventh day shall be a sacred holiday to you, when you shall not do any mundane work.

The Shavuoth Offering
28:26 The day of first fruits is when you bring a new grain offering to God as part of your Shavuoth festival. It shall be a sacred holiday to you when you may not do any mundane work.
28:27 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall then present a burnt offering consisting of two young bulls, one ram and seven yearling sheep.
28:28 Their grain offering consisting of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for each bull, 2/10 for the ram,
28:29 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
28:30 There shall also be one male goat to atone for you.
28:31 You must present [all this] in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its meal offering. These [sacrifices] and their libations must be without blemish for you [to present them].



Commentary:

yearling sheep
  A male (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 1:15).

regular daily
  Tamid in Hebrew.

Prepare...
  See Exodus 29:39. Also see Numbers, 28:6.

1/10 ephah
  Around 2 quarts.

wheat meal
  See Exodus 29:2, Leviticus 2:1 (Sifri).

1/4 hin
  Around a quart.

hand pressed
  See Exodus 27:20 (Sifri).

at Mount Sinai
  See Exodus 24:5, 29:39. Some say that the Israelites began bringing a daily sacrifice at Mount Sinai even before the Tabernacle was erected (Chagigah 6a).

1/4 hin
  See Numbers 15:5.

Sabbath
  All the following are called Mussaf offerings.

new moon festivals
  The first of every lunar month.

grain offering
  See Numbers 15:4,6,9.

wine libations
  See Numbers 15:5,7,10.

14th day of the first month
  14 Nissan.

mundane
  Or, 'service work;' see Leviticus 23:7.

new grain offering
  See Leviticus 23:16.

Shavuoth
  Or, 'Weeks.' The Targum renders this Atzereth (Retreat), another name for Shavuoth (cf. Chizzkuni).

libations
  They must also be without blemish, that is, the wine must be without taint (Sifri; Menachoth 86b; Rashi).





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