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Numbers Chapter 7
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Deuteronomy

The Leaders' Offering
7:1 On the day that Moses finished erecting the Tabernacle, he anointed it and sanctified it along with all its furniture. He [also] anointed the altar and all its utensils and thus sanctified them.
7:2 The princes of Israel, who were the heads of their paternal lines, then came forward. They were the leaders of the tribes and the ones who had directed the census.
7:3 The offering that they presented to God consisted of six covered wagons and twelve oxen. There was one wagon for each two princes, and one ox for each one. They presented them in front of the Tabernacle.
7:4 God said to Moses,
7:5 'Take [the offering] from them, and let [the wagons and oxen] be used for the Communion Tent's service. Give them to the Levites, as appropriate for each [family's] work'.
7:6 Moses took the wagons and oxen, and gave them to the Levites.
7:7 He gave two wagons and four oxen to the descendants of Gershon, as appropriate for their service.
7:8 To the descendants of Merari, he gave four wagons and eight oxen. [Both were] under the direction of Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest.
7:9 He did not give [any wagons] to the descendants of Kehoth, [however,] since they had responsibility for the most sacred articles, which they had to carry on their shoulders
7:10 On the day that it was anointed, the princes presented their dedication offerings for the altar. The leaders placed their offerings before the altar.
7:11 God said to Moses, 'Let them present their offerings for the altar's dedication, one prince each day.'

The Dedication Offerings: Judah
7:12 The one to bring his offering on the first day was Nachshon son of Aminadav of the tribe of Judah.
7:13 His offering was as follows:

One silver bowl weighing 130 shekels, and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with the best grade wheat meal kneaded with olive oil for a meal offering.

7:14 One gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense.
7:15 One young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:16 one goat for a sin offering;
7:17 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep.

This was the offering of Nachshon son of Aminadav.


The Second Day: Issachar
7:18 On the second day, Nethanel son of Tzuar, prince of Issachar; brought his offering.
7:19 The offering that he brought was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a meal offering;
7:20 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:21 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:22 one goat for a sin offering;
7:23 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. This was the offering of Nethanel son of Tzuar.

The Third Day: Zebulun
7:24 On the third day, it was the leader of Zebulun's descendants, Eliav son of Chelon.
7:25 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a meal offering;
7:26 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:27 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:28 one goat for a sin offering;
7:29 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. This was the offering of Eliav son of Chelon.

The Fourth Day: Reuben
7:30 On the fourth day, it was the leader of Reuben's descendants, Elitzur son of Shedey-ur.
7:31 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a meal offering;
7:32 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:33 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:34 one goat for a sin offering;
7:35 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. This was the offering of Elitzur son of Shedey-ur.

The Fifth Day: Simeon
7:36 On the fifth day, it was the leader of Simeon's descendants, Shelumiel son of Tzuri-shaddai.
7:37 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a meal offering;
7:38 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:39 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:40 one goat for a sin offering;
7:41 and for a peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. This was the offering of Shelumiel son of Tzuri-shaddai.

The Sixth Day: Gad
7:42 On the sixth day, it was the leader of Gad's descendants, Elyassaf son of Deuel.
7:43 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a meal offering;
7:44 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels], filled with incense;
7:45 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:46 one goat for a sin offering;
7:47 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Elyassaf son of Deuel.

The Seventh Day: Ephraim
7:48 On the seventh day, it was a leader of Ephraim's descendants, Elishama son of Amihud.
7:49 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a grain offering;
7:50 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels], filled with incense;
7:51 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:52 one goat for a sin offering;
7:53 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Elishama son of Amihud.

The Eighth Day: Manasseh
7:54 On the eighth day, it was a leader of Manasseh's descendants, Gamliel son of Padah-tzur.
7:55 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a grain offering;
7:56 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:57 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:58 one goat for a sin offering;
7:59 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. This was the offering of Gamliel son of Padah-tzur.

The Ninth Day: Benjamin
7:60 On the ninth day, it was the leader of Benjamin's descendants, Avidan son of Gid'oni.
7:61 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat kneaded with oil for a grain offering;
7:62 one incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:63 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:64 one goat for a sin offering;
7:65 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Avidan son of Gid'oni.

The Tenth Day: Gad
7:66 On the tenth day, it was the leader of Dan's descendants, Achiezer son of Ami-shaddai.
7:67 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal for a grain offering;
7:68 one gold incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:69 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:70 one goat for a sin offering;
7:71 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Achiezer son of Ami-shaddai.

The Eleventh Day: Asher
7:72 On the eleventh day, it was the leader of Asher's descendants, Pagiel son of Akhran.
7:73 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a grain offering;
7:74 one incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:75 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:76 one goat for a sin offering;
7:77 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Pagiel son of Akhran.

The Twelfth Day: Naphtali
7:78 On the twelfth day, it was the leader of Naphtali's descendants, Achira son of Eynan.
7:79 His offering was one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver sacrificial basin weighing 70 shekels by the sanctuary standard, both filled with wheat meal kneaded with oil for a grain offering;
7:80 one incense bowl weighing 10 [shekels] filled with incense;
7:81 one young bull, one ram and one yearling sheep for a burnt offering;
7:82 one goat for a sin offering;
7:83 and for the peace sacrifice, two oxen, five rams, five male goats, and five yearling sheep. That was the offering of Achira son of Eynan.

The Altar's Dedication
7:84 That was the dedication offering for the altar given by the princes of Israel on the day that it was anointed.

There were twelve silver bowls, twelve silver sacrificial basins, and twelve gold incense bowls.

7:85 Since each bowl weighed 130 shekels and each sacrificial basin weighed 70, all the silver in the utensils amounted to 2400 sanctuary shekels.
7:86 There were twelve gold incense bowls full of incense, each weighing ten sanctuary shekels. Therefore, all the gold in the incense bowls amounted to 120 [shekels].
7:87 The total of all the animals for burn offerings was 12 oxen, 12 rams, and 12 yearling sheep, along with their meal offerings. There were also 12 male goats for sin offerings.
7:88 The total of all the animals for peace sacrifices was 24 bulls, 60 rams, 60 male goats, and 60 yearling male sheep.

That was the dedication offering for the altar after it was anointed.

7:89 When Moses came into the Communion Tent to speak with [God], he would hear the Voice speaking to him from between the two cherubs on the ark cover over the Ark of Testimony. [God] thus spoke to him.



Commentary:

On the day...
  The first of Nissan (Exodus 40:17).

thus
  (Chizzkuni).

leaders of the tribes.
  Even in Egypt (Sifri; Rashi).

covered
  (Targum; Sifri; Rashi; Septuagint). Tzabh in Hebrew. Or, 'fully equipped' (Sifri; cf. Targum Yonathan); 'full' (Ibn Ezra; Ramban); 'ox wagons' (Ibn Ezra); two-ox wagons (Radak, Sherashim); 'harnessed wagons' (Ibn Janach), or, 'service wagons' (Chizzkuni).

Both...
  See Numbers 4:28,33.

bowl
  Kaarah in Hebrew. The Targum renders it as megista, a large tray or bowl, while the Septuagint has it as tryblion on Greek, a large bowl or platter. See this verse, 'sacrificial basin'.

130 shekels
  104 oz. or 6.5 lb.

sacrificial basin
  Mizrak in Hebrew (see Exodus 26:3; Radak, Sherashim; cf. Amos 6:6). The bowl and the basin were both exactly the same size, except that the bowl had thicker walls (Sifri; HaKethav VeHaKabbalah).

70 shekels
  56 oz. or 3.5 lb.

incense bowl
  (Targum; Septuagint; cf. Yerushalmi, Yoma 5:1). Kaf in Hebrew. See Exodus 25:29.

10 shekels
  8 oz.

male goats
  (Radak, Sherashim; Septuagint). Atudim in Hebrew. See Genesis 31:12.

2400 shekels
  1920 oz, or 120 lb.

120 shekels
  96 oz, or 6lb.





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