Installation of the Priests
||God spoke to Moses, saying:
||'Take Aaron along with his sons, the vestments, the anointing oil, the sin offering bull, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread.
||Gather the entire community at the entrance of the Communion Tent.'
||Moses did as God commanded and the community was assembled at the Communion Tent's entrance.
||Moses said to the community, 'This is what God has commanded to be done.'
||Moses brought forth Aaron and his sons, and immersed them in a mikvah.
||He then dressed [Aaron] with the tunic, belted him with the sash, put the robe on him, and placed the ephod over it. He girded him with the ephod's belt, and tightened it on him.
||He then placed the breastplate on [the ephod], and placed the Urim and Thumim in the breastplate.
||He placed the turban on [Aaron's] head, and toward his face just below the turban, he placed the gold forehead plate as a sacred coronet. [It was all done] as God commanded Moses.
||Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, thus sanctifying them.
||He sprinkled some of [the oil] on the altar seven times. He then anointed the altar and all its utensils, as well as the washstand and its base, thus sanctifying them.
||He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and he anointed him to sanctify him.
||Moses then brought forth Aaron's sons, and he dressed them in tunics, girded them with sashes, and fitted them with hats. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
||He brought forth the bull for the sin offering, and Aaron and his sons pressed their hands on its head.
||Moses slaughtered it and collected the blood. With his finger, he placed [the blood] all around the altar's protrusions, thus purifying the altar. He poured the [rest of] the blood at the altar's base, thus sanctifying it so that atonement could be offered on it.
||He took the fat on the stomachs, the lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys along with their fat, and Moses burned them on the altar.
||All [the rest of] the bull - its skin, flesh and insides - he burned in fire outside the camp. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
||He brought forth the ram for the burnt offering, and Aaron and his sons pressed their hands on its head.
||He slaughtered it, and Moses dashed its blood on all sides of the altar.
||He cut the ram into pieces, and Moses burned the head, the cut pieces, and the intestinal membrane [on the altar],
||having [previously] scrubbed the intestines and legs with water. Moses thus burned the entire ram on the altar as a burnt offering. It was an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God, [and it was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
||He brought forth the second ram, which was the installation ram, and Aaron and his sons pressed their hands on the ram's head.
||He slaughtered it, and Moses took some of its blood and placed it on Aaron's right ear lobe, on his right thumb, and on his right big toe.
||[Moses] brought forth Aaron's sons, and he placed some of the blood on their right ear lobes, their right thumbs, and their right big toes. Moses sprinkled [the rest of] the blood on all sides of the altar.
||He took the choice portions: The broad tail, all the fat on the stomachs, the lobe of the liver, the two kidneys along with their fat, and the right hind leg.
||From the basket of unleavened bread, before God, he took one loaf of unleavened bread, one loaf of oil bread, and one flat loaf, and he placed them on the choice portions and the right hind leg.
||Moses placed all this in Aaron's hands and in his sons' hands, and he waved them in the prescribed motions as a wave offering before God.
||Moses took it from their hands, and he burned it on the altar together with the burnt offering. This was the installation offering, an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God
||Moses took [the ram's] chest, and made the prescribed motions for a wave offering before God. This was Moses' own portion of the installation ram. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
||Moses took some of the anointing oil, [together with] some of the blood from the altar, and he sprinkled it on Aaron and his vestments, as well as on [Aaron's] sons and their vestments. He thus sanctified Aaron and his vestments as well as [Aaron's] sons and their vestments.
||Moses said to Aaron and his sons, 'Cook the flesh at the Communion Tent's entrance. There you shall eat it, along with the bread in the installation basket. Do it, because I have given instructions that Aaron and his sons eat [these things].
||Whatever is left over of the flesh and bread, you must burn in fire.
||Do not leave the entrance of the Communion Tent for seven days, until your period of inauguration is complete. This is because your installation ceremony shall last for seven days.
||God has commanded that whatever was done on this day must be done [all seven days] to atone for you.
||Remain at the Communion Tent's entrance day and night for seven days. You will thus keep God's charge and not die, since this is what was commanded.'
||Aaron and his sons did all these things, just as God had commanded through Moses.
Fulfilling the instructions given in Exodus 29:1-37.
See Exodus 29:4.
(Saadia). Aphad in Hebrew. Or, 'belted' (Radak, Sherashim) or, 'fully, dressed him' (Targum).
This is the middle verse of the Torah.
|Urim and Thumim|
See Exodus 28:30. According to some, these were divine names inside the breastplate (Rashi), while according to others, he placed the stones in the breastplate after putting it on Aaron (cf. Saadia). Or, 'He placed the breastplate on the ephod, having previously placed in it the Urim and Thumim.'
(Saadia). Literally, 'on' or 'near.'
|It was all done...|
Regarding the vestments see Exodus 28.
See Exodus 30:22-33.
|He sprinkled ...|
Not mentioned earlier (cf. Rashi; Ramban).
(cf. Targum). Chavash in Hebrew. Or, 'tied' (Rashi; Ibn Janach, Radak, Sherashim ). See Exodus 29:36.
(Targum Yonathan). Literally, 'He slaughtered it and Moses took ...'
(Targum; Rashi). See Exodus 29:36.
|thus sanctifying ...|
See Exodus 29:36.
See Leviticus 1:8.
See Exodus 29:17.
See Exodus 29:20. Some say the upper part of the ear (Targum), while others day the lower lobe of the ear (Saadia), or the center of the ear (Sifra; cf. Raavad ad loc.). According to some, the blood was placed on the cartilege just inside of the helix of the ear (Rambam on Negaim 14:9; Yad, Mechuserey Kaparah 5:1). See Leviticus 14:14.
See Leviticus 3:9.