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Numbers Chapter 29
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Deuteronomy

The New Year Offering
29:1 The first day of the seventh month shall be a sacred holiday to you when you may not do any mundane work. It shall be a day of sounding the [ram's] horn.
29:2 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you must present a burnt offering consisting of one young bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep [all] without blemish.
29:3 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for the bull, 2/10 for the ram,
29:4 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
29:5 [There shall also be] one goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you.
29:6 [All this] is in addition to the new moon offering, the regular daily offering; and their required meal offerings and libations, [which are] an appeasing fragrance, a fire offering to God.

The Yom Kippur Offering
29:7 The 10th of this month shall be a sacred holiday to you when you must fast and not do any work.
29:8 As a burnt offering for an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present one young bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, making sure that [all] are without blemish.
29:9 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for the bull, 2/10 for the ram,
29:10 and 1/10 for each of the seven sheep.
29:11 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering, in addition to the [special] Atonement sin offering. [All these sacrifices] and their libations are in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its meal offering.

The Sukkoth Offering: First Day
29:12 The 15th day of the seventh month shall be a sacred holiday to you when no mundane work may be done. You shall celebrate a festival to God for seven days.
29:13 As an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present a burnt offering consisting of 13 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, all without blemish.
29:14 Their grain offering of wheat meal mixed with oil shall be 3/10 [ephah] for each of the 13 bulls, 2/10 for each of the 2 rams,
29:15 and 1/10 for each of the 14 sheep.
29:16 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. This is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Second Day of Sukkoth
29:17 On the second day there shall be 12 young bulls, 2 rams and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:18 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:19 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [These offerings] and their libations shall be in addition to the regular daily burnt offering and its grain offering

The Third Day of Sukkoth
29:20 On the third day there shall be 11 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:21 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:22 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Fourth Day of Sukkoth
29:23 On the fourth day there shall be 10 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:24 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:25 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Fifth Day of Sukkoth
29:26 On the fifth day, there shall be 9 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:27 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:28 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Sixth Day of Sukkoth
29:29 On the sixth day, there shall be 8 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:30 along with the grain offerings and libations appropriate for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:31 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering, and its libations.

The Seventh Day of Sukkoth
29:32 On the seventh day, there shall be 7 young bulls, 2 rams, and 14 yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:33 along with their appropriate grain offerings and libations for the number of bulls, rams and sheep.
29:34 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. [All this] is in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.

The Shemini Atzereth Offering
29:35 The eighth day shall be a time of retreat for you when you shall do no mundane work.
29:36 As a burnt fire offering for an appeasing fragrance to God, you shall present one bull, one ram, and seven yearling sheep, [all] without blemish,
29:37 along with their appropriate number of meal offerings and libations.
29:38 There shall also be one goat as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular daily burnt offering, its grain offering and its libation.
29:39 [All] these are what you must present to God on your festivals, in addition to your burnt offerings, grain offerings, libations, and peace offerings [presented as] a general or specific pledge.



Commentary:

first day of seventh month
  This is 1 Tishrei, which is Rosh HaShanah, the Hebrew New Year. See Leviticus 23:24.

in addition to...
  Since Rosh HaShanah is also the first day of a lunar month, the new moon offering is also presented. The new moon offering comes before the Rosh HaShanah offering, because that which is brought the most often has precedence (Yad, Temidim 9:2).

10th of this month
  10 Tishrei, Yom Kippur. See Leviticus 16:29, 23:27.

fast
  See Leviticus 16:29, 23:27.

work
  See Leviticus 23:27.

Atonement sin offering
  The goat chosen by lot in Leviticus 16:9 (Rashi). The Mussaf offering mentioned here preceded the service described in Leviticus 16.

15th day of the seventh month
  15 Tishrei, which is Sukkoth. See Leviticus 23:34-36, 39-43.

celebrate a festival
  Chag in Hebrew. Or, 'prepare a sacrifice' (see Exodus 23:14).

and their libations
  See Numbers 29:11 (cf. Taanith 2b).

libations
  The plural here alludes to the special water libation that was offered on Sukkoth (Taanith 2b; Targum Yonathan).

7 young bulls
  Thus the total number of bulls offered on Sukkoth was 13 + 12 + 11 + 10 + 9 + 8 + 7 = 70. These 70 bulls were offered for the 70 nations of the world (Sukkah 55b). See note on Genesis 10:32.

their appropriate
  A somewhat different wording (cf. Taanith 2b).

time of retreat
  Atzereth in Hebrew; see Leviticus 23:36. Hence, this festival is known as Shemini Atzereth, 'the eighth day of retreat.'

their
  See Numbers 29:33.

general or specific pledge
  See Leviticus 7:16.





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