Contents Calendar Find Reference
Translation 
Navigating the Bible
Exodus Chapter 36
Genesis
Exodus
Subjects
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy

Appointing the Architects
36:1 'Betzalel shall thus do all that God commanded, along with Oholiav and every other skilled individual, to whom God has granted the wisdom and understanding to know how to do all the work necessary for the sacred task.'
36:2 Moses summoned Betzalel, Oholiav, and all the other skilled individuals upon whom God had bestowed a natural talent, all who volunteered to dedicate themselves to completing the task.
36:3 In Moses' presence, they took the entire donation that the Israelites had brought to complete the work on the sacred task.

Meanwhile, [the Israelites] were bringing more gifts each morning.

36:4 All the craftsmen engaged in the sacred work [left] the work they were doing, and came [to Moses].
36:5 They said to Moses, 'The people are bringing much more than is needed for the work that God commanded to do.'
36:6 Moses gave orders to make an announcement in the camp, 'Let no man or woman bring any more material for the sacred offering.'

The people stopped bringing,

36:7 but the materials were more than enough for all the work that had to be done.

Making the Tabernacle
36:8 All the most talented craftsmen worked on the tabernacle itself, which consisted of ten tapestries made of twined linen, together with sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool, brocaded with cherubs.
36:9 All the tapestries were the same size, 28 cubits long and 4 cubits wide.
36:10 The [first] five tapestries were sewn together, as were the other five.
36:11 Loops of sky-blue wool were made on the innermost tapestry of the second group [of five].
36:12 There were 50 loops on the first tapestry, and 50 on is counterpart on the second group, with all the loops [on one side] parallel to those [on the other side].
36:13 Fifty gold fasteners were made to attach [the sets of] tapestries together to make the tabernacle into a single unit.

Making the Over-tent
36:14 They made sheets of goats' wool for the over-tent covering the tabernacle. There were 11 such sheets,
36:15 and all 11 were the same size, 30 cubits long, and 4 cubits wide.
36:16 Five sheets were sewn together to form one group, and six to form the [second] group.
36:17 Fifty loops were made on the innermost sheet of the [first] group, and [another] fifty on the innermost sheet of the second group.
36:18 They made 50 copper fasteners to join the over-tent together and make it a single unit.
36:19 They made a roof for the tabernacle out of reddened rams' skins, and [another] roof above it out of blue processed hides.

Making the Beams
36:20 They made the upright beams for the tabernacle out of acacia wood.
36:21 Each beam was 10 cubits long and 1 and a half cubits wide,
36:22 with two matching square pegs [on the bottom]. All the tabernacle's beams were made in this manner.
36:23 They made 20 beams for the southern wall of the tabernacle,
36:24 along with 40 silver bases to go under the 20 beams. There were two bases under each beam, one base going under each of the two square pegs [on the bottom] of each beam.
36:25 On the second wall of the tabernacle to the north, they [also] made 20 beams,
36:26 along with 40 silver bases, two bases under each of a beam's two pegs.
36:27 For the western wall of the tabernacle, they made 6 beams,
36:28 along with two finishing beams for the corners of the tabernacle.
36:29 At the bottom, all the [beams] were joined next to one another exactly, and on top, every pair was joined with a [square] ring. This was [also] true of the two [beams] on the two corners.
36:30 Thus, [on the west side,] there was a total of 8 beams, along with 16 bases, two bases for each beam.
36:31 They made 5 crossbars of acacia wood for the first wall of the tabernacle [to the south],
36:32 [a second set of] 5 crossbars for the second wall of the tabernacle [to the north], and 5 similar crossbars for the western wall of the tabernacle.
36:33 The middle crossbar was made to go through the center of the beams from one end to the other.
36:34 They covered the beams with a layer of gold. They also made the rings that would hold the crossbars out of gold, and they covered the crossbars themselves with a layer of gold.
36:35 They made the cloth partition out of sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool and twined linen, brocaded with cherubs.
36:36 They made four acacia poles to hold it, covering [the poles] with a layer of gold with gold hooks [attached]. They also cast four silver bases [for these poles].
36:37 They made an embroidered drape for the tent's entrance out of sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool and twined linen.
36:38 There were five poles to hold it, along with gold hooks, caps and bands. There were also five copper bases for [these poles].



Commentary:

the Israelites
  (Ramban; Ibn Ezra). Or, 'the workers' (Abarbanel; HaNothen Imrey Shefer; Tzeror HaMor).

left the work
  Or, 'left the materials with which they were working' (see note on Exodus 36:6). Or, 'brought the work they were doing' (Midrash HaGadol).

any more material
  (Ramban). Literally, 'Let no man or woman do any more work.' This teaches that carrying is considered work (Yerushalmi, Shabbath 1:1; Chizzkuni).

All the most talented...
  Following Exodus 26:1-37.

were sewn
  Literally, 'he sewed.' Some say that 'he' denotes Betzalel (Ibn Ezra on Exodus 37:1), indicating that he oversaw all the work (Tanchuma 7). According to others, it denotes Moses (Tanchuma 10; Midrash HaGadol) or the skilled craftsmen (Bachya on Exodus 37:1). This is true of all the passive statements here.

They
  Literally, 'he made.' See note Exodus 36:10.

caps
  These are not mentioned for the pillars in Exodus 26:37 (see Chizzkuni). See note on Exodus 38:17. Some translate this as 'their hooks, with the coating for their ends and their hoops made out of gold,' indicating that the hooks were made of silver, but their ends were covered with gold (Teshuvoth Meir Nethivim 75; cf. Zohar 2:227a).





Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.