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Genesis Chapter 34
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The Affair of Dinah
34:1 Leah's daughter Dinah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit some of the local girls.
34:2 She was seen by Shechem, son of the chief of the region, Chamor the Hivite. He seduced her, slept with her, and [then] raped her.
34:3 Becoming deeply attached to Jacob's daughter Dinah, he fell in love with the girl, and tried to make up with her.
34:4 Shechem said to his father Chamor, 'Get me this young girl as a wife.'
34:5 Jacob learned that his daughter Dinah had been defiled. His sons were in the field with the livestock, and Jacob remained silent until they came home.
34:6 Meanwhile, Shechem's father, Chamor, came to Jacob to speak with him.
34:7 Jacob's sons returned from the field. When they heard what had happened, the men were shocked and they seethed with anger. [Shechem] had committed an outrage against Israel, sleeping with a daughter of Jacob! Such an act could not be tolerated!
34:8 Chamor tried to reason with them. 'My son Shechem is deeply in love with your daughter,' he said. 'If you would, let him marry her.
34:9 Intermarry with us. You can give us your daughters, and we will give you ours.
34:10 You will be able to live with us, and the land will be open before you. Settle down, do business here, and [the land] will become your property.'
34:11 Shechem [also] spoke to [Dinah's] father and brothers. 'I will do anything to regain your favor. I will give you whatever you ask.
34:12 Set the bridal payment and gifts as high as you like - I will give whatever you demand of me. Just let me have the girl as my wife.'
34:13 When Jacob's sons replied to Shechem and his father Chamor, it was with an ulterior motive. After all, they were speaking to the one who had defiled their sister Dinah.
34:14 'We can't do that,' they said. 'Giving our sister to an uncircumcised man would be a disgrace to us.
34:15 The only way we can possibly agree is if you will be like us and circumcise every male.
34:16 Only then will we give you our daughters and take your daughters for ourselves. We will be able to live together with you and [both of us] will become a single nation.
34:17 But if you do not accept our terms and agree to be circumcised, we will take our daughter and go.'
34:18 Their terms seemed fair to Chamor and his son Shechem.
34:19 Since he desired Jacob's daughter, the young man lost no time in doing it. He was the most respected person in his father's house.
34:20 Chamor and his son Shechem came to the city gate, and they spoke to the citizens of their city.
34:21 'These men are friendly toward us,' they said. 'They live on the land and support themselves profitably from it. The land has more than ample room for them. We will marry their daughters, and give them ours.
34:22 But it is only if their terms are met that these men will consent to live with us and become one nation. Every male among us must first be circumcised, just as they are circumcised.
34:23 Won't their livestock, their possessions, and all their animals eventually be ours? Just let us agree to their condition and live with them.'
34:24 All the people who came out to the city gate agreed with Chamor and his son Shechem. The males who passed through the city gate all allowed themselves to be circumcised.
34:25 On the third day, when [the people] were in agony, two of Jacob's sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, took up their swords. They came to the city without arousing suspicion and killed every male.
34:26 They also killed Chamor and his son Shechem by the sword, and took Dinah from Shechem's house. Then they left.
34:27 Jacob's sons came upon the dead, and plundered the city that had defiled their sister.
34:28 They took the sheep, cattle, donkeys, and whatever else was in the city and the field.
34:29 They also took the women and all the children as captives. They took everything from the houses, plundering all the [city's] wealth.
34:30 Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, 'You have gotten me in trouble, giving me a bad reputation among the Canaanites and Perizites who live in the land. I have only a small number of men. They can band together and attack me, and my family and I will be wiped out.'
34:31 'Should he have been allowed to treat our sister like a prostitute?' they replied.



Commentary:

Dinah
  Some say she was 12 years old (Yov'loth 30:3).

Hivite
  See Genesis 10:17, 36:3.

raped her
  See Ramban; Ralbag.

killed every male
  Since the citizens did not penalize Shechem for his crime, they were considered accomplices (Maimonides, Yad, Melakhim 9:14). Furthermore, the people of Shechem were planning to attack Jacob and plunder him (Sefer HaYashar; see Genesis 34:23). Besides this, the city deserved divine punishment, since they were notorious for seducing and raping the daughters of strangers (Tzava'ath Levi 6:8-11; cf. Ramban).

Jacob said...
  See Genesis 49:6.

Perizites
  See Genesis 13:7.





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